Document Detail

Effectiveness of a controlled trial to promote colorectal cancer screening in Vietnamese Americans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20299659     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a controlled trial of a public education and provider intervention to increase colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates among Vietnamese Americans, who typically have lower rates than non-Hispanic Whites.
METHODS: The public education intervention included a Vietnamese-language CRC screening media campaign, distribution of health educational material, and a hotline. The provider intervention consisted of continuing medical education seminars, newsletters, and DVDs. Vietnamese in Alameda and Santa Clara Counties, California, received the intervention from 2004 to 2006; Vietnamese in Harris County, Texas, were controls and received no intervention. A quasi-experimental study design with pre- and postintervention surveys of the same 533 participants was used to evaluate the combined intervention.
RESULTS: The postintervention-to-preintervention odds ratio for having ever had a sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy was 1.4 times greater in the intervention community than in the control community. Knowledge and attitudes mediated the effect of the intervention on CRC screening behavior. Media exposure mediated the effect of the intervention on knowledge.
CONCLUSIONS: Improving CRC knowledge through the media contributed to the effectiveness of the intervention.
Bang H Nguyen; Stephen J McPhee; Susan L Stewart; Hiep T Doan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2010-03-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of public health     Volume:  100     ISSN:  1541-0048     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Public Health     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-14     Completed Date:  2010-04-23     Revised Date:  2014-09-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254074     Medline TA:  Am J Public Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  870-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Asian Americans*
Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis*,  ethnology
Early Detection of Cancer / utilization*
Health Care Surveys
Health Promotion / methods*
Middle Aged
Program Evaluation
Vietnam / ethnology
Grant Support
R01 CA 100856/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R01 CA100856/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R01 CA100856-04/CA/NCI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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