Document Detail


Effective Volume of Ropivacaine 0.75% Through a Catheter Required for Interscalene Brachial Plexus Blockade.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23353796     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND:: Ultrasound guidance during peripheral nerve blocks has allowed for reduction in dose and volume of local anesthetic required to accomplish successful blockade using multiple injections through a needle. The authors undertook this study to determine the minimal effective volume required to accomplish successful interscalene brachial plexus block (ISB) through the catheter. METHODS:: After obtaining institutional ethics committee approval and written informed consent, patients aged 18-75 yr and scheduled for arthroscopic shoulder surgery under ISB were enrolled. All patients using a step-up/step-down method and the starting dose of 15 ml of 0.75% ropivacaine received an ultrasound-guided ISB catheter. The injection volume was increased or decreased by 1 ml in case of block failure or block success, respectively. RESULTS:: The authors found that the proportion of patients with successful blockade increased sharply from approximately 57% at 6 ml to 100% by 7 ml, indicating that a small increase in volume of ropivacaine 0.75% markedly affects the success rate. A total of 12 ISB with injection volume less than 7 ml resulted in successful anesthesia within 30 min, yielding an ED95 of 7 ml (95% CI 6.8-7.2) ropivacaine 0.75%. For the group as a whole, the median (min-max) sensory block onset time was 5 (5-20) min, the median (min-max) motor blocks for the biceps and the deltoid muscles were 7.5 (5-15) min and 10 (5-15) min, respectively. The median (min-max) block duration was 8.9 (3-15) h. CONCLUSIONS:: An injection of a minimum of 7 ml of ropivacaine 0.75% through the catheter is required for success rate and timely onset of surgical anesthesia with ISB.
Authors:
Catherine Vandepitte; Philippe Gautier; Daquan Xu; Emine A Salviz; Admir Hadzic
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anesthesiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1528-1175     ISO Abbreviation:  Anesthesiology     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1300217     Medline TA:  Anesthesiology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
*Anesthesiologist, Department of Anesthesiology, Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. † Anesthesiologist, Department of Anesthesiology, Clinique Ste Anne-St Remi, Belgium. ‡Research Associate, § Research Associate, Anesthesiologist, ‖ Professor, Anesthesiologist, Department of Anesthesiology, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York.
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