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Effect of yeast cell product (CitriStim) supplementation on broiler performance and intestinal immune cell parameters during an experimental coccidial infection1.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23300301     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This experiment studied the effects of whole yeast cell product supplementation on broiler production parameters, fecal coccidial oocyst counts, and local and systemic immune parameters following an experimental coccidial infection. Birds were fed 0, 0.1, or 0.2% whole yeast cell product (CitriStim). At 21 d of age, birds were challenged with live coccidial oocysts. Supplementation with whole yeast cell product increased BW gain between 0 and 12 d (P = 0.01) postcoccidial challenge. Birds supplemented with 0.2% Citristim had better (P = 0.01) feed efficiency between 0 and 12 d postcoccidial infection. Supplementation with whole yeast cell product decreased (P = 0.01) the fecal coccidial oocyst count at 7 d postcoccidial challenge. Citristim supplementation at 0.2% increased (P < 0.01) macrophage nitric oxide production by 93 and 193% at 5 and 12 d postcoccidial challenge. Supplementation with whole yeast cell product at 0.2% increased cecal tonsil interleukin-1 mRNA amounts approximately 4.5- and 3.7-fold at 5 and 12 d postcoccidial challenge, respectively, over the group with no whole yeast cell product supplementation. Citristim supplementation downregulated cecal tonsil interleukin-10 mRNA amounts compared with the unsupplemented groups at both 5 (P = 0.01) and 12 d (P < 0.01) postcoccidial challenge. Supplementation with whole yeast cell product did not alter (P > 0.05) serum anticoccidial IgG contents or cecal tonsil CD4(+) and CD8(+) cell percentages at 5 and 12 d postcoccidial infection. It could be concluded that supplementing whole yeast cell product (CitriStim) to broiler diets can improve production parameters, decrease fecal oocyst count, and increase inflammatory cytokine production postcoccidial infection.
Authors:
Revathi Shanmugasundaram; Mamduh Sifri; Ramesh K Selvaraj
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  92     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-09     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  358-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Sciences, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, Wooster 44691; and.
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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