Document Detail


Effect of ursodeoxycholic acid on liver function in children after successful surgery for biliary atresia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19029197     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Although ursodeoxycholic acid has been used to treat various cholestatic liver diseases in children, few data are available about its efficacy in biliary atresia. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of ursodeoxycholic acid treatment on liver function in children who underwent successful surgery for biliary atresia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We prospectively studied 16 children with biliary atresia who underwent successful portoenterostomies (postoperative conjugated bilirubin concentration: <34 micromol/L) and were treated with ursodeoxycholic acid for at least 18 months after surgery. Ursodeoxycholic acid treatment was then discontinued. Clinical and biological assessment was performed at the time of discontinuation of ursodeoxycholic acid treatment (T0), at follow-up (T1) and, if the clinical or biological status worsened, after resumption of ursodeoxycholic acid treatment (T2). RESULTS: Ursodeoxycholic acid treatment was resumed in 13 cases. In 1 patient, jaundice recurred after ursodeoxycholic acid therapy was discontinued but abated after resumption of treatment. In 13 children, liver function worsened significantly when ursodeoxycholic acid was discontinued. T1 versus T0 concentrations expressed as multiples of the upper limit of the normal range (in parentheses) were as follows: alanine aminotransferase, 3.0 xN (0.8-7.0) vs 1.5 xN (0.5-5.4); gamma glutamyl transpeptidase, 8.0 xN (1.8-30.2) vs 4.2 xN (0.5-27.4); and aspartate aminotransferase, 1.7 xN (0.7-6.0) vs 1.3 xN (0.6-3.4). When ursodeoxycholic acid treatment was resumed, liver function had improved in all patients by T2. Concentrations of endogenous bile acids tended to be elevated at T1 (not significant) and were significantly decreased at T2. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates the beneficial effect of ursodeoxycholic acid on liver function in children after successful surgery for biliary atresia.
Authors:
Stephanie Willot; Stephanie Uhlen; Laurent Michaud; Gilbert Briand; Michel Bonnevalle; Rony Sfeir; Frédéric Gottrand
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-11-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  122     ISSN:  1098-4275     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  2008 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-02     Completed Date:  2009-01-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e1236-41     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Département de gastroentérologie, hépatologie et nutrition pédiatrique, Hôpital Jeanne de Flandres, CHRU Lille, 59000 Lille, France.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Biliary Atresia / diagnosis,  drug therapy*,  mortality,  surgery*
Cholagogues and Choleretics / administration & dosage*
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Drug Administration Schedule
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Liver / drug effects,  enzymology
Liver Function Tests
Male
Portoenterostomy, Hepatic / methods
Probability
Prospective Studies
Severity of Illness Index
Statistics, Nonparametric
Ursodeoxycholic Acid / administration & dosage*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cholagogues and Choleretics; 128-13-2/Ursodeoxycholic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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