Document Detail

Effect of two drafting modalities in cycling on running performance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11252078     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were first to compare the physiological responses during a triathlon where cycling was performed alternatively with another cyclist (alternate draft triathlon, ADT) or continuously behind him (continuous draft triathlon, CDT), and second to study the incidence of these two drafting modalities in cycling on the subsequent running performance done during a simulated triathlon. METHODS: Ten male triathletes of national level performed a sprint distance triathlon (0.75-km swim, 20-km bike, 5-km run) on two different sessions, one where the triathlete alternatively rode in front or at the back of another cyclist and rotating every 500 m, the other where the triathlete drafted continuously a professional cyclist whose task was to reproduce all split times recorded during the alternate situation. Oxygen uptake (VO2), expiratory flow (VE), heart rate (HR) were recorded during the entire bike and run sections and blood lactate concentrations ([La-]b) were analyzed at the end of each event composing the triathlon. RESULTS:The results showed that expiratory flow, oxygen uptake, heart rate and blood lactate concentrations were significantly lower in CDT on the bike compared with drafting in alternation (148.1 vs. 167.2 L.min-1, 49.9 vs. 59.8, 154.7 vs. 173.1 beats.min-1, 3.5 vs. 6.3 mmol.L-1, respectively). The results also revealed that running after biking in CDT (for similar cycling speeds) significantly improved the subsequent running speed compared to ADT (17.87 vs. 17.15 km.h-1). Furthermore, VE, VO2, HR, and [La-]b were significantly higher during CDT run compared with ADT run (175.6 vs. 170.4 L.min-1, 69.7 vs. 66.8, 182.6 vs. 177.3 beats.min-1, 9.6 vs. 7.5 mmol.L-1, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: These results showed that drafting continuously behind a lead cyclist allows triathletes to save a significant amount of energy during the bike leg of a sprint triathlon and creates the conditions for an improved running performance compared with a situation where cycling is performed alternating the lead with another cyclist.
C Hausswirth; J M Vallier; D Lehenaff; J Brisswalter; D Smith; G Millet; P Dreano
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  33     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2001 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-19     Completed Date:  2001-05-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  485-92     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Laboratoire de Biomécanique et de Physiologie, Institut National du Sport et de L'Education Physique (INSEP), 75012 Paris,
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MeSH Terms
Air Movements
Energy Metabolism*
Oxygen Consumption*
Running / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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