Document Detail


Effect of transthoracic electric current on the coronary circulation of the dog.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9191505     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: In vitro experiments have shown that an electric field changes coronary vascular resistance (CVR) tone and damages the vascular endothelium. The effect of transthoracic electric current in dogs on the vasodilatory responses mediated through the endothelium and reactive hyperemia were studied. The manner of delivery of the electric current was similar to that used clinically during cardiac resuscitation. DESIGN: Eight mongrel dogs of either sex weighing between 15 and 22 kg were anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital. The lungs were mechanically ventilated and the thorax was opened. Circumflex coronary flow was measured with an electromagnetic flowmeter. Mean aortic pressure and the heart rate were kept constant and left ventricular systolic and diastolic pressures did not change during the procedures. The changes in CVR produced by different intracoronary doses of acetylcholine and reactive hyperemia to 10 and 30 s of circumflex coronary occlusion were measured before and after the transthoracic delivery of five synchronized electric shocks, 300 J each 1 min apart. MAIN RESULTS: CVR decreased by 32.8 +/- 2.1% (P < 0.01) from the effects of the electric shocks in spite of no changes in heart rate, ventricular systolic and diastolic pressures nor left ventricular oxygen consumption. After the delivery of the electric shocks, the vasodilatory response to acetylcholine decreased by a mean value of 35.9 +/- 2.6% for the different doses (P < 0.001) and reactive hyperemia decreased by 42.5 +/- 5.5% (P < 0.001) and by 31.5 +/- 9.6% (P < 0.02) for the 10 and 30 s occlusion duration, respectively. The intracoronary infusion of sodium nitroprusside decreased the coronary vascular resistance to a minimal value lower than that obtained by the maximal dose of acetylcholine but similar to before and after the passage of the electrical current revealing the preservation of the coronary vasodilatory reserve after the electrical shocks. CONCLUSIONS: These results show that transthoracic electrical shocks as used clinically induce coronary vasodilation but simultaneously produce endothelial dysfunction.
Authors:
P Macho; R Domenech
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Canadian journal of cardiology     Volume:  12     ISSN:  0828-282X     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Cardiol     Publication Date:  1996 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-07-07     Completed Date:  1997-07-07     Revised Date:  2008-04-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8510280     Medline TA:  Can J Cardiol     Country:  CANADA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1105-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pathophysiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acetylcholine / pharmacology
Animals
Blood Pressure / physiology
Coronary Circulation / physiology*
Dogs
Electricity*
Endothelium, Vascular / physiology
Female
Heart Rate / physiology
Male
Nitroprusside / pharmacology
Oxygen Consumption / physiology
Vascular Resistance / physiology
Vasodilation / physiology
Vasodilator Agents / pharmacology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Vasodilator Agents; 15078-28-1/Nitroprusside; 51-84-3/Acetylcholine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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