Document Detail


Effect of training in humans on off- and on-transient oxygen uptake kinetics after severe exhausting intensity runs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12355188     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of 4 weeks of intense interval-training on the pulmonary off-transient oxygen uptake (V*O2) after running until exhaustion at the same absolute speed. Seven physical education students ran as follows in three maximal tests on a synthetic track (400 m) whilst breathing through a portable, telemetric metabolic analyser: firstly, in an incremental test which determined maximal oxygen uptake (V*O2max), the minimal speed associated with V*O2max (vV*O2max) and the speed at the lactate threshold ( v(LT)). Secondly, in two continuous severe intensity runs at 90% (R90) and 95% (R95) of vV*O2max. After training, the times to exhaustion ( t(lim)) at these two speeds (i.e. the time limits t(lim90) and t(lim95), respectively), were significantly increased at both speeds (+37% and +66% for t(lim90) and t(lim95), P=0.04 and 0.01, respectively) and v(LT) and vV*O2max were increased by 8% and 5%, respectively ( P<0.02). The time constants of the cardio-dynamic added to the metabolic phase (phases I+II) and of the slow phase (phase III) of oxygen kinetics in the on-transient phase decreased significantly after training ( P=0.05). However, the decrease in the time constants of oxygen kinetics in the on-transient phases II and III were not correlated with the improvement in performance (i.e. increase in t(lim)). After training the V*O2 off-transient phase was significantly faster [off-time constant (tau(off)) decreased significantly both after R90 and R95, P=0.03]. This decrease in tau(off) was correlated with the increase in t(lim90) ( r=0.795, P=0.03). The physiological factors best correlated with the increased performance after training were v(LT) for t(lim90) and vV*O2max for t(lim95).
Authors:
V L Billat; L Mille-Hamard; A Demarle; J P Koralsztein
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2002-08-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  87     ISSN:  1439-6319     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2002 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-09-30     Completed Date:  2004-04-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  496-505     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centre de Médecine du Sport Caisse Centrale des Activités Sociales, 2 Avenue Richerand, 75010 Paris, France. veronique.billat@wanadoo.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Humans
Kinetics
Male
Models, Biological
Oxygen / metabolism
Oxygen Consumption / physiology*
Physical Endurance / physiology*
Running / physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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