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Effect of α-tocopherol on salivary reactive oxygen species and trace elements in oral submucous fibrosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22337705     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a chronic debilitating disease and a well-recognized, potentially malignant condition of the oral cavity associated with betel quid chewing. Betel quid chewing is a popular oral habit in India and shows strong association in the incidence of OSMF. The objective of the study was to determine the levels of trace elements, pro-oxidants and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in saliva of betel quid chewers and OSMF patients, which may help in the diagnosis of cancer progression in the oral cavity. METHODS: A total of 35 cases of OSMF and 35 cases of healthy individuals were included in the present study. The salivary status of ROS, pro-oxidants and some trace elements was studied in OSMF patients and normal healthy individuals. RESULTS: The levels of lipid peroxides (P < 0.001), conjugated dienes (P < 0.01), hydroxyl radicals (P < 0.01), superoxide dismutase (P < 0.05), copper (P < 0.05), calcium (P < 0.01), magnesium (NS), potassium (P < 0.05) and iron (P < 0.05) in OSMF patients were elevated when compared with normal healthy individuals. The levels of hydrogen peroxide (P < 0.05) and sodium (P < 0.01) in OSMF patients were found to be decreased when compared with control subjects. A significant alteration was noticed after supplementing with α-tocopherol in oral precancerous patients. CONCLUSION: These parameters may help in the detection of the severity of oral diseases.
Authors:
S Chitra; M Balasubramaniam; Jayram Hazra
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of clinical biochemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1758-1001     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0324055     Medline TA:  Ann Clin Biochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Biotechnology, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai.
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