Document Detail


Effect of technological advances on cochlear implant performance in adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22109764     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the effect of technological advances in the past 20 years on the hearing performance of a large cohort of adult cochlear implant (CI) patients.
STUDY DESIGN: Individual, retrospective, cohort study.
METHODS: According to technological developments in electrode design and speech-processing strategies, we defined five virtual intervals on the time scale between 1984 and 2008. A cohort of 1,005 postlingually deafened adults was selected for this study, and their hearing performance with a CI was evaluated retrospectively according to these five technological intervals. The test battery was composed of four standard German speech tests: Freiburger monosyllabic test, speech tracking test, Hochmair-Schulz-Moser (HSM) sentence test in quiet, and HSM sentence test in 10 dB noise.
RESULTS: The direct comparison of the speech perception in postlingually deafened adults, who were implanted during different technological periods, reveals an obvious improvement in the speech perception in patients who benefited from the recent electrode designs and speech-processing strategies. The major influence of technological advances on CI performance seems to be on speech perception in noise.
CONCLUSIONS: Better speech perception in noisy surroundings is strong proof for demonstrating the success rate of new electrode designs and speech-processing strategies. Standard (internationally comparable) speech tests in noise should become an obligatory part of the postoperative test battery for adult CI patients. Laryngoscope, 121:2634-2640, 2011.
Authors:
Minoo Lenarz; Gert Joseph; Hasibe Sönmez; Andreas Büchner; Thomas Lenarz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Laryngoscope     Volume:  121     ISSN:  1531-4995     ISO Abbreviation:  Laryngoscope     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8607378     Medline TA:  Laryngoscope     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2634-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 The American Laryngological, Rhinological, and Otological Society, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Charité, Medical University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany. minoo.lenarz@charite.de.
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