Document Detail

Effect of taurohyodeoxycholic acid on biliary lipid secretion in humans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9185744     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study aimed to determine the effect in humans of taurohyodeoxycholic acid, a 6alpha-hydroxylated bile acid with hydrophilic properties, on bile lipid secretion. Four cholecystectomized patients who had gallstones and an interrupted enterohepatic circulation were intraduodenally infused with taurohyodeoxycholic and tauroursodeoxycholic acids on separate occasions at a dose of 0.8 to 1 g/h for 3 hours. In hourly bile samples collected for 8 hours after the beginning of the infusion, biliary bile acid composition (by high-performance liquid chromatography), biliary lipid concentrations (by standard methods), and distribution of biliary carriers (by gel chromatography) were evaluated. Blood liver function tests were performed before and after the infusions. Taurohyodeoxycholic and tauroursodeoxycholic acids became the predominant biliary bile acids in all patients except for one infused with taurohyodeoxycholic acid. Taurohyodeoxycholic acid stimulated significantly greater (P < .05) cholesterol and phospholipid secretion per unit of secreted bile acid (0.098 and 0.451 micromol/micromol, respectively) compared with tauroursodeoxycholic acid (0.061 micromol/micromol for cholesterol and 0.275 micromol/micromol for phospholipids). The secretory ratio between phospholipid and cholesterol was significantly higher after infusion of taurohyodeoxycholic acid (3.88 micromol/micromol) compared with taroursodeoxycholic acid (3.09 micromol/micromol) (P < .05). Biliary enrichment with taurohyodeoxycholic acid was positively related with percent concentration of phospholipids but not with that of cholesterol. The opposite trend was observed in tauroursodeoxycholic acid-enriched biles. In both taurohyodeoxycholic acid- and tauroursodeoxycholic acid-rich bile, 80% to 90% of cholesterol was carried in a gel-chromatographic fraction corresponding to an apparent molecular weight of 80 to 200 kd. No alteration in liver function test results was observed after taurohyodeoxycholic acid infusion. In conclusion, taurohyodeoxycholic acid stimulates greater cholesterol and phospholipid secretion than tauroursodeoxycholic acid, but with a higher phospholipid/cholesterol secretory ratio. In bile enriched with both bile acids, biliary cholesterol is transported in non-micellar aggregates. Finally, in the conditions of our study, taurohyodeoxycholic acid was not hepatotoxic.
P Loria; M Bozzoli; M Concari; M E Guicciardi; F Carubbi; M Bertolotti; D Piani; A Nistri; M Angelico; M Romani; N Carulli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.)     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0270-9139     ISO Abbreviation:  Hepatology     Publication Date:  1997 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-07-14     Completed Date:  1997-07-14     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8302946     Medline TA:  Hepatology     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1306-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Dipartimento di Medicina Interna, Universita di Modena, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Alkaline Phosphatase / metabolism
Bile / drug effects,  metabolism*,  physiology
Bile Acids and Salts / metabolism
Cholagogues and Choleretics / pharmacology*
Lipid Metabolism*
Liver / drug effects,  physiology
Liver Function Tests
Taurochenodeoxycholic Acid / metabolism,  pharmacology
Taurodeoxycholic Acid / analogs & derivatives*,  metabolism,  pharmacology
Transaminases / metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Bile Acids and Salts; 0/Cholagogues and Choleretics; 14605-22-2/tauroursodeoxycholic acid; 2958-04-5/taurohyodeoxycholic acid; 516-35-8/Taurochenodeoxycholic Acid; 516-50-7/Taurodeoxycholic Acid; EC 2.6.1.-/Transaminases; EC Phosphatase

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