Document Detail

Effect of systemic acid-base disorders on ileal intracellular pH and ion transport.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3085516     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We previously reported that changes in ileal net Na absorption correlated with arterial pH, changes in net HCO3 secretion correlated with the plasma HCO3 concentration, and changes in net Cl absorption correlated with arterial CO2 partial pressure (PCO2) during the systemic acid-base disorders. To determine whether changes in intracellular pH (pHi) and HCO3 concentration [( HCO3]i) mediated these effects, we measured pHi and calculated [HCO3]i in the distal ileal mucosa of anesthetized, mechanically ventilated Sprague-Dawley rats using 5,5-[14C]dimethyloxazolidine-2,4,-dione and [3H]inulin. Rats were studied during normocapnia, acute respiratory acidosis, and alkalosis, and uncompensated and pH-compensated acute metabolic acidosis and alkalosis. When animals in all groups were considered, mucosal pHi was not altered, but there were strong correlations between mucosal [HCO3]i and both arterial PCO2 (r = 0.97) and [HCO3] (r = 0.61). When we considered the rates of ileal electrolyte transport that characterized these acid-base disorders [A. N. Charney and L.P. Haskell, Am. J. Physiol. 245 (Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. 8): G230-G235, 1983], we found strong correlations between mucosal [HCO3]i and both net Cl absorption (r = 0.88) and net HCO3 secretion (r = 0.82). These findings suggest that the systemic acid-base disorders do not affect ileal mucosal pHi but do alter mucosal [HCO3]i as a consequence of altered arterial PCO2 and [HCO3]. The effects of these disorders on ileal net Cl absorption and HCO3 secretion may be mediated by changes in [HCO3]i. Arterial pH does not appear to alter ileal Na absorption through changes in the mucosal acid-base milieu.
J D Wagner; P Kurtin; A N Charney
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  250     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1986 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-06-18     Completed Date:  1986-06-18     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  G588-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Acid-Base Imbalance / metabolism*
Bicarbonates / metabolism*
Biological Transport
Carbon Dioxide / blood
Chlorides / metabolism*
Dimethadione / metabolism
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Ileum / metabolism*
Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism
Intracellular Fluid
Inulin / metabolism
Rats, Inbred Strains
Sodium / metabolism*
Grant Support
S07 RR05399-23/RR/NCRR NIH HHS
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Bicarbonates; 0/Chlorides; 124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide; 695-53-4/Dimethadione; 7440-23-5/Sodium; 9005-80-5/Inulin

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