Document Detail

Effect of surgical exposure technique, age, and grade of impaction on ankylosis of an impacted canine, and the effect of rapid palatal expansion on eruption: A prospective clinical study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23452968     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
INTRODUCTION: This study had 2 aims: (1) to assess whether the surgical exposure technique, the patient's age, and the grade of impaction are associated with ankylosis of the impacted canine; and (2) to investigate the effect of rapid palatal expansion on an impacted canine's automatic eruption.
METHODS: The sample for this prospective longitudinal study consisted of 118 orthodontic patients (72 female, 46 male) who were treated surgically and orthodontically by the first author (S.I.K.) over 18 years. The patients' ages at the beginning of therapy ranged from 11.2 to 46.1 years. They had 157 impacted canines (150 maxillary, 7 mandibular), grouped in 7 categories (grades I-VII) according to their radiographic position in the orthopantomogram at the onset of treatment. Univariate and multivariate generalized estimating equation logistic regression analyses were used to assess the effect of the predictors of interest on ankylosis. (In this research, a broad definition of "ankylosis" was used, to include impacted canines immobilized a priori or during traction, due to all the possible causes that could contribute to immobilization, such as all types of external tooth resorption and other known or unknown factors.)
RESULTS: Thirty-eight canines erupted spontaneously after space gaining, and the other 119 were treated surgically with an open (57 cases) or a closed (62 cases) exposure technique. Eleven canines of the 119 that were treated surgically had ankylosis, either a priori or during orthodontic traction. The percentages of ankylosis were 3.5% in the open technique and 14.5% in the closed technique. Evidence of statistical association was found between age and ankylosis, grade of impaction and ankylosis, and rapid palatal expansion and automatic eruption of the impacted canine.
CONCLUSIONS: Evidence of an association between exposure technique and ankylosis was found. Additionally, there was evidence that the grade of impaction and the patient's age are significant predictors of ankylosis, as is the use of rapid palatal expansion a predictor of automatic eruption.
Stylianos I Koutzoglou; Anastasia Kostaki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics     Volume:  143     ISSN:  1097-6752     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8610224     Medline TA:  Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  342-52     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 American Association of Orthodontists. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Private practice, Rethymno, Greece. Electronic address:
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