Document Detail

Effect of superficial venous surgery on venous function in chronic venous insufficiency.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16096860     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Patients with chronic venous insufficiency often have combined superficial and deep venous incompetence. The aims of this study were to determine the effects of superficial venous surgery (SVS) on deep venous haemodynamics and on ambulatory venous pressure (AVP) and to determine if the AVP tourniquet test can predict the effect of SVS. Of 119 legs, 42 legs (32 subjects) with chronic venous insufficiency, healed ulceration, or active ulceration and with combined superficial and deep incompetence underwent preoperative duplex imaging and AVP measurement followed by appropriate SVS. Four months later, all underwent postoperative duplex imaging and AVP measurement. The pressure relief index (PRI) was calculated from the AVP measurement as an overall assessment of venous function. Seventeen of 119 (14%) showed no tourniquet improvement in PRI and were therefore excluded from SVS. Of those suitable for SVS, median (range) age was 56 (32-78) years. Twenty-two limbs underwent long saphenous surgery, four limbs short saphenous surgery, and 16 limbs both, based on duplex findings. Segmental deep incompetence resolved in 11/21 (52%) limbs after surgery compared to 6/21 (29%) with multisegment incompetence. Median (range) PRI improved from 319 (4-1,600) preoperatively to 1,300 (360-2,670) postoperatively (p < 0.001, Wilcoxon). PRI with thigh tourniquet correlated with postoperative PRI (r = +0.828, p = 0.01, Spearman), as did calf tourniquet (r = +0.996, p = 0.004) and both tourniquets (r = 0.535, p = 0.046). The majority of patients with combined superficial and deep incompetence can be selected for SVS on the basis of AVP measurement with tourniquets. SVS can improve segmental deep incompetence and PRI in those properly selected.
F P Dix; A Picton; C N McCollum
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of vascular surgery     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0890-5096     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Vasc Surg     Publication Date:  2005 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-08-31     Completed Date:  2005-12-23     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703941     Medline TA:  Ann Vasc Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  678-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Vascular Surgery and Vascular Studies, South Manchester University Hospitals NHS Trust, Manchester, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure / physiology
Chronic Disease
Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular
Hemodynamics / physiology
Middle Aged
Quality of Life
Recovery of Function
Treatment Outcome
Vascular Surgical Procedures*
Veins / physiopathology
Venous Insufficiency / physiopathology,  surgery*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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