Document Detail


Effect of suckling restriction with nose plates and premature weaning on postpartum anestrous interval in primiparous cows under range conditions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19167846     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Suckling and nutrition are generally recognized as two major factors controlling the duration of the postpartum anovulatory period. In the present study, the effect of premature weaning and suckling restriction with nose plates (NPs) on cow and calf performance was evaluated. The study was conducted over 2 years; primiparous Hereford cows, weighing (mean+/-S.E.M.) 344+/-3.5kg and with 4.1+/-0.05 units of body condition score (BCS) (scale 1-8 [Vizcarra, J.A., Iba??ez, W., Orcasberro, R., 1986. Repetibilidad y reproductibilidad de dos escalas para estimar la condici??n corporal de vacas Hereford. Investigaciones Agron??micas 7 (1), 45-47]) at calving, remained with their calves until 72.5+/-1.2 days postpartum (day 0). They were then assigned to one of three treatments: (i) calves with free access to their dams and ad libitum suckling (S, n=29); (ii) calves fitted with NPs for 14 days, but remained with their dams (NP, n=29), and (iii) calves that were weaned from their dams (W, n=28). All cows were anestrus at the time treatments commenced (day 0). All cows were blood sampled twice weekly from 1 week before the beginning of the experiment until the end of the mating period (day 74) for progesterone analysis. The mating period began on day 14. Cows in W treatment had ovulations earlier (P<0.05) than those in NP and S groups. Cows in the NP group had longer (P<0.05) intervals between the first progesterone increase and normal luteal phase than cows in the other two treatments groups (23.3+/-3.2 vs. 6.5+/-3.2 and 5.2+/-3.3 days for NP, S and W cows, respectively). Fifty per cent of the cows with NP had a short cycle (7 days) but there was a group of cows that had longer (P<0.05) intervals (66 days) between first progesterone increase and normal estrous activity. In the NP group, 8 of 29 cows had a short luteal phase and then a normal one; for 9 of these 29 cows progesterone concentrations remained low for 6 weeks from the beginning of the treatment; and for 12 of these 29 cows progesterone concentrations initially increased after treatment initiation, but these animals became anestrus thereafter. Short-term suckling restriction with NPs led to a variable response in primiparous cows of moderate body condition under range conditions.
Authors:
G Quintans; A I V??zquez; K A Weigel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-12-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Animal reproduction science     Volume:  116     ISSN:  1873-2232     ISO Abbreviation:  Anim. Reprod. Sci.     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-08-31     Completed Date:  2010-01-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7807205     Medline TA:  Anim Reprod Sci     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  10-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
National Institute for Agricultural Research, Ruta, Uruguay. gquintans@tyt.inia.org.uy
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Anestrus / physiology*
Animals
Animals, Suckling / physiology*
Body Weight
Caloric Restriction / veterinary*
Cattle
Female
Male
Parity*
Postpartum Period / physiology*
Pregnancy
Progesterone / blood
Weaning
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
57-83-0/Progesterone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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