Document Detail


Effect of strain and strain rate on fatigue-accelerated biodegradation of polyurethane.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12918028     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A diaphragm-type film specimen was used to study in vitro degradation of poly(etherurethane urea) (PEUU) under conditions of dynamic loading. This geometry allowed both uniaxial and biaxial loading in a single experiment. During testing, the film was exposed to a H(2)O(2)/CoCl(2) solution that simulated in vivo oxidation of PEUU. The combination of dynamic loading and biaxial tensile strain accelerated oxidative degradation. The effects of biaxial strain magnitude and strain rate were examined separately by increasing the frequency of fatigue loading from 0 to 1 Hz with constant maximum biaxial strain and by changing the maximum biaxial strain while maintaining constant strain rate. In the ranges of biaxial strain energy (0.17 to 0.55 MPa) and strain rate (0 to 46% s(-1)) tested, the rate of degradation increased with increasing strain rate whereas strain magnitude had essentially no effect on degradation rate. Although loading conditions affected the rate of oxidative degradation, ATR-FTIR analysis suggested that in all cases the mechanism of degradation did not change. Chemical degradation produced a brittle crosslinked surface layer marked by dimpling and pitting, as observed with scanning electron microscopy. Pits served as stress concentrators and initiated environmental stress cracks under dynamic loading but not under static (creep) loading. Small pits were sufficient to initiate cracks at higher strain rates whereas only large pits initiated cracks at lower strain rates. Consequently, a higher strain rate produced more profuse cracking.
Authors:
Michael J Wiggins; James M Anderson; Anne Hiltner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A     Volume:  66     ISSN:  1549-3296     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2003 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-08-14     Completed Date:  2004-08-17     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101234237     Medline TA:  J Biomed Mater Res A     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  463-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res 66A: 463-475, 2003
Affiliation:
Center for Applied Polymer Research and Department of Macrocellular Science, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Biodegradation, Environmental*
Kinetics
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
Polyurethanes / chemistry*
Surface Properties
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-25239/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Polyurethanes

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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