Document Detail

Effect of storage and separation of milk at udder quarter level on milk composition, proteolysis, and coagulation properties in relation to somatic cell count.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22032356     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Coagulation properties of milk are altered by elevated somatic cell count (SCC), partly due to increased proteolytic and lipolytic activity in the milk and, thereby, degradation of protein and fat during storage. Milk is commonly stored on the farm at cooling conditions for up to 2 d before transport to the dairy for processing. This study evaluated the effects of storage on milk with altered composition due to high SCC and the effects of exclusion of milk from individual udder quarters with high SCC on milk composition, proteolysis, and coagulation properties. Udder-quarter milk and cow-composite milk samples from 13 cows having at least 1 quarter with SCC above 100,000 cells/mL were collected on 1 occasion. In addition, commingled milk from only healthy quarters (<100,000 cells/mL) of each cow was collected, representing a cow sample where milk with elevated SCC was excluded. The milk samples were analyzed for total protein content; protein content in the whey fraction; casein, fat, and lactose contents; SCC; proteolysis; curd yield; coagulation time; and total bacterial count, on the day of sampling and after 2 and 5 d of storage at +4°C. In addition to SCC, duration of storage and total bacterial count had an effect on milk quality. The content of total protein, fat and protein contents in the whey fraction, and curd yield were found to have different storage characteristics depending on the level of SCC at udder-quarter level. The exclusion of milk from udder quarters with elevated SCC decreased the content of total protein and protein content in the whey fraction and increased the content of lactose at cow level. However, the effect of separating milk at udder-quarter level needs to be further studied at bulk tank level to evaluate the effect on overall total milk quality.
L Forsbäck; H Lindmark-Månsson; K Svennersten-Sjaunja; L Bach Larsen; A Andrén
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  94     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  5341-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Animal Nutrition and Management, SE-753 23 Uppsala, Sweden.
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