Document Detail


Effect of step duration during incremental exercise on breathing pattern and mouth occlusion pressure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9351684     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We compared the effects of two step durations on breathing pattern, mouth occlusion pressure and "effective" impedance of the respiratory system during incremental exercise. Nine normal subjects (mean age: 27.8+/-1.21 years) performed two incremental exercise tests in randomized order: one test with step increments every 1 min 30s and the other, every 4 min. After a warm-up at 25 W for the 1 min 30 s test, the power was increased by 50 W from 50 W to exhaustion. During the last minute at each power, we measured ventilation (VE), tidal volume (VT), breathing frequency (fR), inspiratory and expiratory time (TI and TE), total time of the respiratory cycle (TTOT), TI/TTOT, mean inspiratory flow (VT/TI), mouth occlusion pressure (P0.1), "effective" impedance of the respiratory system (P0.1/(VT/ TI)) and venous blood lactate concentration ([La]). Our result showed that at maximal exercise the power was significantly higher (p < 0.01) and [La] lower (p < 0.01) in the 1 min 30 s test. At 100, 150 and 200 W, the 4 min test showed significantly higher oxygen uptake (VO2), carbon dioxide output (VCO2), VE, P0.1, fR, VT/TI and HR (p <0.001) and significantly lower TI, TE and TTOT (p<0.01). [La] was significantly higher at 150 W (p<0.05) and 200 W (p<0.001). At the same VCO2, P0.1 was not significantly different between the two tests, whereas VE showed a tendency to be higher (p = 0.08) and P0.1/(VT/TI) was significantly lower during the 4 min test. In conclusion, this study allowed us to quantify the difference in inspiratory neuromuscular output and ventilatory response between 1 min 30s and 4 min tests and showed that different step durations alter the relationship between inspiratory neuromuscular output and mean inspiratory flow.
Authors:
J Prioux; M Ramonatxo; C Prefaut
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of sports medicine     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0172-4622     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Sports Med     Publication Date:  1997 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-11-25     Completed Date:  1997-11-25     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8008349     Medline TA:  Int J Sports Med     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  401-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Service d'Exploration de la Fonction Respiratoire, Hôpital Arnaud de Villeneuve, Montpellier, France.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Anaerobic Threshold
Anthropometry
Exercise Test / methods*
Humans
Lactic Acid / blood
Male
Mouth / physiology*
Pressure
Respiration*
Respiratory Function Tests
Respiratory Muscles / physiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
50-21-5/Lactic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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