Document Detail


Effect of sporting activity practice on susceptibility to motion sickness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16564424     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The theory of visuo-vestibular conflict is the most commonly accepted to explain motion sickness. Visual, vestibular and proprioceptive afferences are involved in balance control and this function can be improved by physical and sporting activities (PSA). The purpose of the present survey was to investigate the relationships between motion sickness susceptibility (MSS) in adulthood and PSA, and especially proprioceptive PSA. A questionnaire concerning MSS and PSA was filled in by 1829 students (22.3+/-3.4 years of age, 799 males). Subjects having practised a sport before the age of 18 have less MSS than the other subjects (P<0.001). It should be noted that subjects who practised proprioceptive PSA before the age of 18 have less MSS than subjects who practised bioenergetic PSA before this age. By practising PSA, subjects are less dependent on visual input and use vestibular afferences better. A process of habituation can be involved in better managing conflicting sensory afferences reducing susceptibility to motion sickness. The practice of proprioceptive PSA develops the proprioceptive afferences and improves their treatment by the central nervous system. This additional appropriate input associated with an increase in vestibular weight compared to vision helps overcome visuo-vestibular conflict.
Authors:
Grégory Caillet; Gilles Bosser; Gérome C Gauchard; Nearkasen Chau; Lahoucine Benamghar; Philippe P Perrin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2006-01-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain research bulletin     Volume:  69     ISSN:  0361-9230     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Res. Bull.     Publication Date:  2006 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-03-27     Completed Date:  2006-07-06     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7605818     Medline TA:  Brain Res Bull     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  288-93     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Balance Control and Motor Performance Laboratory, UFR STAPS, Henri Poincaré-Nancy 1 University, Villers-lès-Nancy, France.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Confidence Intervals
Disease Susceptibility*
Exercise / physiology*
Female
Humans
Male
Motion Sickness / epidemiology,  physiopathology*
Postural Balance / physiology*
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Sports / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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