Document Detail

Effect of soy saponin on the growth of human colon cancer cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20632438     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: To investigate the effect of extracted soybean saponins on the growth of human colon cancer cells.
METHODS: WiDr human colon cancer cells were treated with 150, 300, 600 or 1200 ppm of soy saponin to determine the effect on cell growth, cell morphology, alkaline phosphatase (AP) and protein kinase C (PKC) activities, and P53 protein, c-Fos and c-Jun gene expression.
RESULTS: Soy saponin decreased the number of viable cells in a dose-dependent manner and suppressed 12-O-tetradecanol-phorbol-13-acetate-stimulated PKC activity (P < 0.05). Cells treated with saponins developed cytoplasmic vesicles and the cell membrane became rougher and more irregular in a dose-dependent manner, and eventually disassembled. At 600 and 1200 ppm, the activity of AP was increased (P < 0.05). However, the apoptosis markers such as c-Jun and c-Fos were not significantly affected by saponin.
CONCLUSION: Soy saponin may be effective in preventing colon cancer by affecting cell morphology, cell proliferation enzymes, and cell growth.
Cheng-Yu Tsai; Yue-Hwa Chen; Yi-Wen Chien; Wen-Hsuan Huang; Shyh-Hsiang Lin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  World journal of gastroenterology : WJG     Volume:  16     ISSN:  2219-2840     ISO Abbreviation:  World J. Gastroenterol.     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-15     Completed Date:  2010-10-18     Revised Date:  2014-05-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883448     Medline TA:  World J Gastroenterol     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3371-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Alkaline Phosphatase / metabolism
Apoptosis / drug effects
Cell Shape / drug effects
Colonic Neoplasms / drug therapy,  pathology*
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Protein Kinase C / metabolism
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos / metabolism
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun / metabolism
Saponins / isolation & purification,  pharmacology*,  therapeutic use*
Soybeans / chemistry*
Tumor Cells, Cultured
Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos; 0/Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun; 0/Saponins; 0/Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; EC Kinase C; EC Phosphatase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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