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Effect of smoking on sperm vitality, DNA integrity, seminal oxidative stress, zinc in fertile men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23021663     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of smoking on sperm vitality, sperm DNA integrity, semen reactive oxygen species, and zinc levels in fertile men.
METHODS: One-hundred sixty men were investigated. They were divided into 2 equal groups: healthy fertile nonsmokers and healthy fertile smokers. They were subjected to history taking, clinical examination, and semen analysis. In their semen, sperm hypo-osmotic swelling test, sperm DNA fragmentation test, seminal reactive oxygen species, and zinc were assessed.
RESULTS: Compared with fertile nonsmokers, fertile smokers were significantly associated with lower hypo-osmotic swelling test and seminal zinc levels and significantly associated with higher sperm DNA fragmentation percent and seminal reactive oxygen species levels.
CONCLUSION: Smoking (cigarettes/day and duration) has detrimental effects on sperm motility, viability, DNA fragmentation, seminal zinc levels, and semen reactive oxygen species levels, even in fertile men, and it is directly correlated with cigarette quantity and smoking duration.
Authors:
Emad A Taha; Azza M Ez-Aldin; Sohair K Sayed; Nagwa M Ghandour; Taymour Mostafa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Urology     Volume:  80     ISSN:  1527-9995     ISO Abbreviation:  Urology     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-01     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0366151     Medline TA:  Urology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  822-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Andrology, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assuit, Egypt.
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