Document Detail


Effect of simvastatin or its combination with ezetimibe on Toll-like receptor expression and lipopolysaccharide - Induced cytokine production in monocytes of hypercholesterolemic patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23062767     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are key players in the innate immune system. Recently, a pivotal role of TLR2 and TLR4 has been recognized in atherogenesis. We investigated the effect of simvastatin monotherapy or its combination with ezetimibe on TLR2 and TLR4 membrane expression and on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) production in peripheral blood monocytes of patients with primary hypercholesterolemia. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded endpoint study. After a 3-month period of lifestyle changes patients (n = 60) (mean age 55 ± 13) with LDL-cholesterol levels above those recommended by the NCEP ATP III, were randomly allocated to open-label simvastatin 40 mg (n = 30) or simvastatin/ezetimibe 10/10 mg (n = 30) daily. Both groups were similar with regard to demographics, risk factors, medications and baseline lipid values. TLR2 and TLR4 membrane expression in monocytes, LPS-induced intracellular production of IL-1β and IL-6 were assessed by flow cytometry at baseline and 3 months post-treatment in both patient groups, as well as in 30 age- and sex-matched normolipidemic controls. RESULTS: Hypercholesterolemic patients exhibited higher TLR2 and TLR4 membrane expression compared with controls (p < 0.02). LPS induced a significant increase in the intracellular levels of IL-1β and IL-6 in all groups however both patient groups exhibited significantly lower levels compared with controls. Three months of treatment with either simvastatin or its combination with ezetimibe resulted in a significant reduction of TLR2 and TLR4 expression (p < 0.01 compared with baseline values) with no intergroup differences. Furthermore, in both groups the post-treatment values of LPS-induced IL-1β and IL-6 production were significantly lower compared with baseline (p < 0.05 for all comparisons). CONCLUSIONS: A high simvastatin dose or the combination of a low-dose simvastatin with ezetimibe reduce to a similar extent TLR2, TLR4 membrane expression and LPS-induced IL-6 and IL-1β production in monocytes of hypercholesterolemic patients. The pathophysiological significance of these effects regarding atherosclerosis, reserves further investigation.
Authors:
Elisavet Moutzouri; Constantinos C Tellis; Kleopatra Rousouli; Evangelos N Liberopoulos; Haralambos J Milionis; Moses S Elisaf; Alexandros D Tselepis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Atherosclerosis     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1484     ISO Abbreviation:  Atherosclerosis     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0242543     Medline TA:  Atherosclerosis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina, Greece.
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