Document Detail


Effect of seated posture on interface pressure in children who are able-bodied and who have myelomeningocele.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11194615     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between sitting position and interface pressure distribution in seated children. METHOD: Fifteen able-bodied children and 15 children with myelomeningocele complete paraplegia, aged 7 to 18 years were included in the study. The body-seat interface pressure was measured with the QA pressure measurement system. Four sitting positions typically used to reduce body-seat interface pressure position (recline, tilt, combined and lean forward) were compared to a neutral position. RESULTS: Test/re-test Pearson correlation coefficients were greater than 0.94 for maximum pressure and greater than 0.88 for mean pressure at all test positions (p < 0.0001) and, for the risk area (defined as the percentage of sensors which recorded pressures greater than 40 mm Hg.) varied from 0.62 to 0.85 (p < 0.0005). Maximum pressures for the myelomeningocele group were significantly higher than those recorded for able-bodied subjects in the neutral, combined and lean forward positions (p < 0.001). For the able-bodied subjects, maximum pressures at the combined (p < 0.001), tilt (p < 0.05) and lean forward (p < 0.0001) positions were significantly lower than those measured at the neutral position. For the myelomeningocele subjects, maximum pressure at all tested positions was significantly lower than at the neutral position (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The results point to the importance of measuring body-seat interface pressure for each wheelchair user and of using the information to customize wheelchair utilization.
Authors:
N Vaisbuch; S Meyer; P L Weiss
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Disability and rehabilitation     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0963-8288     ISO Abbreviation:  Disabil Rehabil     Publication Date:  2000 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-01-19     Completed Date:  2001-05-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9207179     Medline TA:  Disabil Rehabil     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  749-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Nitsan Association for Learning Disabilities, Jerusalem, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Child
Female
Humans
Male
Meningomyelocele / physiopathology*
Posture / physiology*
Pressure
Reference Values
Reproducibility of Results
Risk Factors
Wheelchairs* / adverse effects

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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