Document Detail


Effect of sarpogrelate, a 5-HT(2A) antagonist, on platelet aggregation in patients with ischemic stroke: clinical-pharmacological dose-response study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17622759     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It is widely accepted that antiplatelet therapy is effective for secondary prevention of atherosclerotic vascular diseases. We performed a double-blind, controlled clinical-pharmacological study to investigate the antiplatelet efficacy of sarpogrelate, a selective 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT(2A)) receptor antagonist, in patients with ischemic stroke, using a new assessment system employing combinations of 5-HT and epinephrine as agonists. METHODS: Forty-seven patients with ischemic stroke were randomly assigned to three groups: 15 patients received 25 mg sarpogrelate (group L), 16 patients received 50 mg (group M), and 15 patients received 100 mg (group H) orally, three times daily for 7 days. The effect was expressed as maximum intensity of platelet aggregation on the last day of medication. Two combinations of agonists, 0.5 micromol/l 5-HT plus 3 micromol/l epinephrine, and 1 micromol/l 5-HT plus 3 micromol/l epinephrine, were used to induce platelet aggregation. RESULTS: With both combinations of agonists, sarpogrelate treatment inhibited platelet aggregation dose-dependently (p < 0.025, Jonckheere test). In multiple-group comparison, the effect in group H was greater than that in group L or M (p < 0.025, Wilcoxon rank-sum test). CONCLUSION: Sarpogrelate treatment inhibited platelet aggregation dose-dependently in patients with ischemic stroke, as judged by a new assessment system employing combinations of 5-HT and epinephrine as agonists.
Authors:
Shinichiro Uchiyama; Yukio Ozaki; Kaneo Satoh; Kazuoki Kondo; Katsuya Nishimaru
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-07-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cerebrovascular diseases (Basel, Switzerland)     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1015-9770     ISO Abbreviation:  Cerebrovasc. Dis.     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-08-23     Completed Date:  2007-10-11     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9100851     Medline TA:  Cerebrovasc Dis     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  264-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Neurology, Tokyo Women's Medical University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan. suchiyam@nij.twmu.ac.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Administration, Oral
Aged
Blood Platelets / drug effects*,  metabolism
Brain Ischemia / blood,  complications*,  drug therapy
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Double-Blind Method
Drug Administration Schedule
Epinephrine / metabolism
Female
Humans
Japan
Male
Middle Aged
Platelet Aggregation / drug effects*
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors / administration & dosage,  adverse effects,  therapeutic use*
Platelet Function Tests / methods
Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2A / antagonists & inhibitors*,  metabolism
Serotonin / metabolism
Serotonin Antagonists / administration & dosage,  adverse effects,  therapeutic use*
Stroke / blood,  drug therapy*,  etiology
Succinates / administration & dosage,  adverse effects,  therapeutic use*
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors; 0/Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2A; 0/Serotonin Antagonists; 0/Succinates; 50-67-9/Serotonin; 51-43-4/Epinephrine; 86819-20-7/sarpogrelate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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