Document Detail


Effect of a robotic prescription-filling system on pharmacy staff activities and prescription-filling time.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17724365     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The effects of using an automated prescription-filling system, the ScriptPro SP-200, in an independent pharmacy were evaluated. METHODS: The study was conducted at Punches Pharmacy Plus, an independent pharmacy located in Clare, Michigan. The study design was a preinstallation and postinstallation assessment of the ScriptPro SP-200 automated prescription-filling system. Videotaping and work sampling techniques were used to collect the preinstallation and postinstallation data of the ScriptPro SP-200. The use of the pharmacy staff and the time spent in direct and indirect prescription- filling activities, such as receiving, order entry, filling, inspecting, packaging, dispensing, phone calls, and inventory management, were measured and compared preinstallation and postinstallation. RESULTS: With the installation of automation, the percentage of time spent by the pharmacy staff significantly changed (p < 0.001). Meanwhile, there was a statistically significant difference in terms of the percentages of time spent on various activities between the preinstallation and postinstallation of automation (p < 0.001). Before installation of automation, the direct and indirect prescription-filling times used were 6.07 and 2.11 minutes, respectively, to fill one prescription. Analyses of the average time spent per prescription showed that the installation of automation could save nearly 0.22 minute per prescription, especially filling time per prescription-which was significantly decreased from 2.63 to 2.07 minutes with an average of 0.56 minute saved (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: An automated system reduced prescription-filling time but required staffing adjustments to optimize the efficiency gained.
Authors:
Alex C Lin; Yao-Chin Huang; George Punches; Yan Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists     Volume:  64     ISSN:  1535-2900     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Health Syst Pharm     Publication Date:  2007 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-08-28     Completed Date:  2007-10-04     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503023     Medline TA:  Am J Health Syst Pharm     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1832-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Pharmacy Practice and Administrative Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Cincinnati (UC), Cincinnati, OH 45267-0004, USA. alex.lin@uc.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Community Pharmacy Services / manpower*
Drug Prescriptions / statistics & numerical data*
Medication Systems / statistics & numerical data*
Pharmacists
Pharmacists' Aides
Robotics*
Time and Motion Studies

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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