Document Detail


Effect of replacement of maize with earth ball (Icacinia manni) meal on the performance of broiler chickens.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19070159     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of the study was to assess the replacement value of earth ball for maize in broiler diets. A feeding trial was conducted for eight weeks using 220 unsexed Anak 2000 broiler chickens in a completely randomized design to assess the effect of replacement of maize with Icacinia manni meal at 0, 15, 30, 45 and 60% on the performance. The diets were isonitrogenous and isocaloric, containing 24% crude protein and 3095 Kcal kg-' ME in the starter ration and 21% crude protein and 3204 Kcal kg-' ME in the finisher mash. The birds were randomly distributed into 5 treatments with two replicates containing 22 birds each making a total of 44 birds per treatment. Results showed that in the starter phase, dietary treatments had significantly (p<0.05) least feed intake, body weight gain in the 45 and 60% Icacinia manni meal diets, but not significantly (p>0.05) different in mortality and feed conversion ratio. Significant differences (p<0.05) were also observed in feed intake and body weight gain in the finisher phase. Birds on 0 and 15% Icacinia manni meal diets consumed more feed and were heavier (p<0.05) than those on 30, 45 and 60% Icacinia meal diets. Mortality and feed conversion ratio were not significantly different (p>0.05) at the finisher phase. Birds on 0 and 15% Icacinia meal inclusion exhibited significantly (p<0.05) higher dressed weight, kidney, liver, lung, shank, intestine, neck and gizzard weights. The study concludes that Icacinia manni meal could replace maize up to 15% in broiler diets without deleterious effect on performance, which holds great potential as feed ingredient in poultry nutrition.
Authors:
U E Umoren; M A Isika; E P Asanga; P N Ezeigwe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pakistan journal of biological sciences: PJBS     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1028-8880     ISO Abbreviation:  Pak. J. Biol. Sci.     Publication Date:  2007 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-16     Completed Date:  2009-01-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101247723     Medline TA:  Pak J Biol Sci     Country:  Pakistan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2368-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Calabar, Nigeria.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed*
Animals
Chickens / growth & development*,  physiology
Feeding Behavior
Zea mays*

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