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Effect of regular exercise on prevention of excessive weight gain in pregnancy: A randomised controlled trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21417561     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objectives To assess whether a 12-week supervised exercise-programme with an additional 30 min of moderate self-imposed physical activity on the non-supervised weekdays prevents excessive weight gain in pregnancy, as well as postpartum weight retention. Methods One hundred and five sedentary, nulliparous pregnant women with a mean age of 30.7 ± 4.0 years and a pre-pregnancy body mass index of 23.8 ± 4.3 kg/m(2) were randomised to either an exercise group (EG, n = 52) or a control group (CG, n = 53). The exercise programme consisted of 60 min supervised aerobic dance and strength training for 60 min, at least twice per week for a minimum of 12 weeks. Results Drop-out rates were 19% and 21% in the EG and CG, respectively. Fewer women in the EG than in the CG exceeded the Institute of Medicine recommendations; however, only EG participants who attended 24 exercise sessions (n = 14) differed significantly from controls (p = 0.006) with regard to weight gain during pregnancy (11.0 ± 2.3 vs. 13.8 ± 3.8 kg, p < 0.01) and postpartum weight retention (0.8 ± 1.7 vs. 3.3 ± 4.1 kg, p < 0.01). Conclusions Regular participation in aerobic dance exercise can contribute to significantly reduce weight gain during pregnancy.
Authors:
Lene A H Haakstad; Kari Bø
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The European journal of contraception & reproductive health care : the official journal of the European Society of Contraception     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1473-0782     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9712127     Medline TA:  Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  116-25     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Department of Sports Medicine, Ullevål Stadion, Oslo, Norway.
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