Document Detail


Effect of rainbow trout growth hormone complementary DNA on body shape, carcass yield, and carcass composition of F1 and F2 transgenic common carp (Cyprinus carpio).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14961235     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effect of rainbow trout growth hormone complementary DNA on body shape, dress-out yield, and body composition were assessed in the F1 and F2 generations of transgenic common carp (Cyprinus carpio). All measurements were compared with those for nontransgenic full-sibling common carp in their respective families, and the fish were communally evaluated in earthen ponds. The body weight and length were highly correlated (P <0.01) in both genotypes in all the families. Head morphometrics were negatively correlated (P <0.05) to weight and length of the fish. Various head, body, and caudal traits grew disproportionately faster in transgenic fish in both generations. The altered body shape of transgenic fish resulted in improved dressing percentage in the F2 generation. The carcass composition of transgenic muscle had a lower percentage of (P <0.01) moisture and lipids and higher (P <0.01) percentage of protein in both generations. Six of the 18 amino acids analyzed in F1 transgenic common carp muscle were higher F1 (P <0.05) than the control genotype; however, amino acid ratios were minimally changed. Also, the fatty acid profiles of both genotypes were minimally altered. Higher histidine and lysine ratios in the diet are recommended for maximum growth and health of transgenic common carp in intensive culture systems on the basis of essential amino acid ratios.
Authors:
R A Dunham; N Chatakondi; A J Nichols; H Kucuktas; T T Chen; D A Powers; J D Weete; K Cummins; R T Lovell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Marine biotechnology (New York, N.Y.)     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1436-2228     ISO Abbreviation:  Mar. Biotechnol.     Publication Date:  2002 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-02-12     Completed Date:  2005-01-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100892712     Medline TA:  Mar Biotechnol (NY)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  604-11     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Fisheries & Allied Aquacultures, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA. rdunham@acesag.auburn.edu
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