Document Detail


Effect on prognosis of abolition of exercise-induced painless myocardial ischemia by medical therapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1546646     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
During exercise radionuclide ventriculography, many patients with coronary artery disease exhibit painless myocardial ischemia defined as an abnormal left ventricular ejection fraction response without accompanying angina. To see if complete suppression of such exercise-induced painless ischemia by anti-ischemic medication implies a better prognosis in medically treated coronary artery disease, 34 patients underwent repeat testing at 4 weeks receiving regular conventional therapy that rendered angina no worse than class I. With such therapy, painless ischemia was abolished in 12 patients (group I) and persisted in 22 (65%, group II). Both groups were similar in age, number of diseased vessels, proportion with previous myocardial infarction, exercise ejection fraction, and degree of exercise-induced painless ischemia at baseline. At 9 months, adverse events had occurred in 11 patients (2 patients with myocardial infarction, 4 with unstable angina, 2 with angioplasty and 3 with bypass surgery). Only 1 of 12 patients (8%) in group I had experienced events compared with 10 of 22 (45%) in group II (chi-square, 5.4; p less than 0.025; 95% confidence interval, 12 to 61%). Thus, the relative risk of adverse events in patients whose painless ischemia was abolished was only 18% of that in patients in whom it was persistent. These results suggest that (1) the abolition of exercise-induced painless ischemia by conventional symptom-dictated medical therapy confers a better short-term prognosis in medically treated coronary artery disease, and (2) therapeutic efficacy may need to be assessed by titration against ischemia and not against angina.
Authors:
R Lim; L Dyke; D S Dymond
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  69     ISSN:  0002-9149     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1992 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-04-14     Completed Date:  1992-04-14     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  733-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Chi-Square Distribution
Coronary Disease / drug therapy*,  etiology,  radionuclide imaging
Exercise* / physiology
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Odds Ratio
Prognosis
Prospective Studies
Radionuclide Ventriculography
Risk

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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