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Effect of progesterone on Th1/Th2/Th17 and Regulatory T cell-related genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells during pregnancy in cows.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23203561     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
T helper (Th) cells play a central role in immune responses and new Th1/Th2/Th17 and regulatory T (Treg)-cell paradigm in pregnancy has developed. Progesterone (P(4)) is essential for the maintenance of pregnancy; however the effect of P(4) on Th1/Th2/Th17 and Treg paradigm is unclear in cows. We evaluated the effect of P(4) on the expression of Th1/Th2/Th17 and Treg-related cytokines, transcription factors, and P(4) receptors in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 8 pregnant (163.1 ± 16.9 days of gestation) and 8 non-pregnant luteal phase cows. PBMCs were stimulated with P(4) at 0, 0.1, 1 or 10 μg/ml, and the mRNA expression of Th1, Th2, Th17 and Treg-related cytokines (IFN-γ, IL-4, IL-17 and TGF-β), transcription factors (T-bet, GATA-3, RORC and Foxp3) and P(4) receptors (PGR, PGRMC1 and PGRMC2) were analyzed by real time RT-PCR. In both pregnant and non-pregnant cows, P(4) significantly inhibited the expression of IFN-γ and IL-17 dose-dependently, whereas P(4) did not affect the expression of TGF-β and Foxp3. In addition, P(4) significantly decreased the expression of T-bet and RORC, and enhanced the expression of IL-4 in the pregnant cows, but this reaction was not found in the non-pregnant cows. P(4) tended to increase PGRMC1 in the pregnant cows but not in the non-pregnant cows, indicating that PGRMC1 may be involved in the regulation of the effect of P(4) during bovine pregnancy. These results indicate that P(4) is an important regulator of Th1/Th2/Th17 and Treg immunity, and higher Th2 immunity is characteristic in the pregnant cows.
Authors:
Yousuke Maeda; Hiromichi Ohtsuka; Michiko Tomioka; Masaaki Oikawa
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary research communications     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-7446     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Res. Commun.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8100520     Medline TA:  Vet Res Commun     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Large Animal Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kitasato University, 35-1 Higashi 23 bancho, Towada, Aomori, 034-8628, Japan.
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