Document Detail

Effect of positive end-expiratory pressure on oxygen delivery during 1-lung ventilation for thoracoscopy in normal dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16911153     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on oxygen delivery (DO(2)) with 1-lung ventilation during thoracoscopy in normal anesthetized dogs.
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, controlled experimental study.
ANIMALS: Eight, adult, intact Walker Hound dogs weighing 25.6-29.2 kg.
METHODS: Anesthetized dogs had 1-lung ventilation during an open-chest condition. A Swan-Ganz catheter was used to measure pulmonary hemodynamic variables and to obtain mixed venous blood samples for blood gas analysis. A dorsal pedal catheter was used for measurement of systemic arterial pressure and to obtain arterial blood samples for blood gas analysis. Oxygen delivery was calculated and used to assess the effect of 0, 2.5, and 5 cm H(2)O PEEP during 1-lung ventilation on cardiopulmonary function. Each dog was its own control at 0 cm H(2)O PEEP. A randomized block ANOVA for repeated measures was used to evaluate the effect of the treatment on hemodynamic and pulmonary variables.
RESULTS: Use of 5 cm H(2)O PEEP induced a significant augmentation in the arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO(2)). Shunt fraction (Q(s)/Q(t)), physiologic dead space (V(D)/V(T)), and the alveolar-arterial oxygen difference (P(A-a)O(2)) decreased significantly after 5 cm H(2)O PEEP, compared with 1-lung ventilation without PEEP. Use of 2.5 cm H(2)O PEEP had no significant effect on cardiopulmonary variables. Use of PEEP had no significant effect on arterial oxygen saturation (SaO(2)), DO(2), and hemodynamic variables in normal dogs.
CONCLUSIONS: PEEP had no effect on DO(2) in normal dogs undergoing open-chest 1-lung ventilation because it had no adverse effect on hemodynamic variables.
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: PEEP in normal dogs during open-chest 1-lung ventilation for thoracoscopy is not detrimental to cardiac output and can be recommended in clinical patients.
Simon T Kudnig; Eric Monnet; Miriam Riquelme; James S Gaynor; Denise Corliss; Mowafak D Salman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary surgery : VS     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0161-3499     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet Surg     Publication Date:  2006 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-08-16     Completed Date:  2006-10-02     Revised Date:  2011-04-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8113214     Medline TA:  Vet Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  534-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anesthesia, Inhalation / veterinary
Blood Gas Analysis / veterinary
Cross-Over Studies
Lung / physiology*
Oxygen / blood,  metabolism*
Positive-Pressure Respiration / veterinary*
Prospective Studies
Respiration, Artificial / methods,  veterinary*
Thoracic Surgical Procedures / methods,  veterinary
Thoracoscopy / methods,  veterinary
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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