Document Detail


Effect of positive end-expiratory pressure on left and right ventricular diastolic filling assessed by transoesophageal Doppler echocardiography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10470386     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effect of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on left and right ventricular diastolic filling dynamics was assessed by transmitral and transtricuspid flow patterns. Using transoesophageal Doppler echocardiography in fourteen ASA physical status 1 female patients, the following measurements were performed at baseline (0 cm H2O PEEP) and at 5, 10, 15, and 20 cm H2O PEEP: 1. peak velocity of early filling (peak E velocity), 2. peak velocity of atrial contraction (peak A velocity), 3. the ratio of the peak E to A velocity (peak E/A velocity ratio), 4. isovolumic relaxation time (IRT), 5. acceleration half-time (AHT), 6. deceleration half-time (DHT) of early filling, and 7. end-diastolic and end-systolic areas of both ventricles. Increasing PEEP progressively deceased peak E velocity of both ventricles. In contrast, peak A velocity did not change and the peak E/A velocity ratio decreased significantly with PEEP. IRT and AHTs remained unchanged, but DHTs of both ventricles increased following PEEP. End-diastolic and end-systolic areas of both ventricles decreased gradually and significantly with PEEP. It is concluded that PEEP was associated with decreased preload as well as reduced compliance of both ventricles, which was considered to contribute to the changes in diastolic ventricular filling.
Authors:
T Yamada; J Takeda; M Satoh; K Koyama; S Hashiguchi; M Yokoi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anaesthesia and intensive care     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0310-057X     ISO Abbreviation:  Anaesth Intensive Care     Publication Date:  1999 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-10-07     Completed Date:  1999-10-07     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0342017     Medline TA:  Anaesth Intensive Care     Country:  AUSTRALIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  341-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Blood Flow Velocity
Diastole
Echocardiography, Transesophageal*
Female
Gynecologic Surgical Procedures
Hemodynamics
Humans
Middle Aged
Mitral Valve / physiology
Positive-Pressure Respiration*
Tricuspid Valve / physiology
Ventricular Function*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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