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Effect of polydispersity, bimodality, and aspect ratio on the phase behavior of colloidal platelet suspensions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23039612     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We use a fundamental-measure density functional for hard board-like polydisperse particles, in the restricted-orientation approximation, to explain the phase behaviour of platelet colloidal suspensions studied in recent experiments. In particular, we focus our attention on the behavior of the total packing fraction of the mixture, η, in the region of two-phase isotropic-nematic coexistence as a function of mean aspect ratio, polydispersity, and fraction of total volume γ occupied by the nematic phase. In our model, platelets are polydisperse in the square section, of side length σ, but have constant thickness L (and aspect ratio κ ≡ L∕〈σ〉 < 1, with 〈σ〉 the mean side length). Good agreement between our theory and recent experiments is obtained by mapping the real system onto an effective one, with excluded volume interactions but with thicker particles (due to the presence of long-ranged repulsive interactions between platelets). The effect of polydispersity in both shape and particle size has been taken into account by using a size distribution function with an effective mean-square deviation that depends on both polydispersities. We also show that the bimodality of the size distribution function is required to correctly describe the huge two-phase coexistence gap and the nonlinearity of the function γ(η), two important features that these colloidal suspensions exhibit.
Authors:
Yuri Martínez-Ratón; Enrique Velasco
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of chemical physics     Volume:  137     ISSN:  1089-7690     ISO Abbreviation:  J Chem Phys     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375360     Medline TA:  J Chem Phys     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  134906     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Grupo Interdisciplinar de Sistemas Complejos (GISC), Departamento de Matemáticas, Escuela Politécnica Superior, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Avenida de la Universidad 30, E-28911, Leganés, Madrid, Spain.
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