Document Detail

Effect of physical training on exercise capacity, gas exchange and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide levels in patients with chronic heart failure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17001223     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Decreased exercise capacity is the main factor restricting the daily life of patients with chronic heart failure. N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT pro-BNP) is strongly related to the severity of and is an independent predictor of outcome in chronic heart failure. DESIGN: The study aimed to evaluate the effect of exercise training on functional capacity and on changes in NT pro-BNP levels and to assess the effect of exercise training on quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients (45 men/15 women, mean age 52.7 years; +/-5.3 SD), with stable heart failure (45 ischaemic/hypertensive and 15 idiopathic patients), in New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class II (n=35) to III (n=25), with an ejection fraction less than 40%, were randomly assigned to a training (n=30) and a control group (n=30). The training group (30 patients) performed 3 months of supervised physical training programme using a bicycle ergometer for 30 min three times a week at a load corresponding to 60-70% of their oxygen consumption (VO2) peak. The control group did not change their previous physical activity. A graded maximal exercise test with respiratory gas analysis and an endurance test with constant workload corresponding to 85% of the peak oxygen load at the baseline and after 3 months were performed, and at the same times NT pro-BNP levels were measured. RESULTS: The exercise capacity increased from 15.8 (+/-2.3 SD) to 29.9 (+/-2.1 SD) min (P<0.0001) and the peak VO2 tended to improve from 14.5 (+/-1.4 SD) to 17.7 (+/-2.6 SD) ml/kg per min (P<0.0001) during the supervised training period. VO2 at the anaerobic threshold increased from 12.9 (+/-1.0 SD) to 15.5 (+/-1.7 SD) ml/kg per min (P<0.0001). NT pro-BNP levels decreased from 3376 (+/-3133 SD) to 1434 (+/-1673 SD) pg/ml (P=0.043). The positive training effects were associated with an improvement in the NYHA functional class. CONCLUSION: Physical training of moderate intensity significantly improves the exercise capacity and neurohormonal modulation in patients with chronic heart failure. This is associated with an alleviation of symptoms and improvement in quality of life.
Filippo Maria Sarullo; Tommaso Gristina; Ignazio Brusca; Salvatore Milia; Raffaella Raimondi; Massimo Sajeva; Stella Maria La Chiusa; Gesualdo Serio; Salvatore Paterna; Pietro Di Pasquale; Antonio Castello
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation : official journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups on Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1741-8267     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil     Publication Date:  2006 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-09-26     Completed Date:  2007-02-21     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101192000     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  812-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Cardiology bClinical Pathology Service, Buccheri La Ferla Fatebenefratelli Hospital, Palermo, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Exercise / physiology*
Heart Failure / metabolism*,  physiopathology
Middle Aged
Natriuretic Peptide, Brain / metabolism*
Peptide Fragments / metabolism*
Physical Fitness / physiology*
Pulmonary Gas Exchange / physiology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Peptide Fragments; 0/pro-brain natriuretic peptide (1-76); 114471-18-0/Natriuretic Peptide, Brain

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