Document Detail

Effect of passive myocardium on the compliance of porcine coronary arteries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12860566     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of passive myocardium on the coronary arteries under distension and compression. To simulate distension and compression, we placed a diastolic-arrested heart in a Lucite box, where both the intravascular pressure and external (box) pressure were varied independently and expressed as a pressure difference (DeltaP = intravascular pressure - box pressure). The DeltaP-cross-sectional area relationship of the first several generations of porcine coronary arteries and the DeltaP-volume relationship of the coronary arterial tree (vessels >0.5 mm in diameter) were determined using a video densitometric technique in the range of +150 to -150 mmHg. The vasodilated left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery of six KCl-arrested hearts were perfused with iodine and 3% Cab-O-Sil. The intravascular pressure was varied in a triangular pattern, whereas the absolute cross-sectional area of each vessel and the total arterial volume were calculated using video densitometry under different box pressures (0, 50, 100, and 150 mmHg). In the range of positive DeltaP, we found that the compliance of the proximal LAD artery in situ (4.85 +/- 3.8 x 10-3 mm2/mmHg) is smaller than that of the same artery in vitro (16.5 +/- 6 x 10-3 mm2/mmHg; P = 0.009). Hence, the myocardium restricts the compliance of the epicardial artery under distension. In the negative DeltaP range, the LAD artery does not collapse, whereas the same vessel readily collapses when tested in vitro. Hence, we conclude that myocardial tethering prevents collapse of large blood vessel under compression.
Leila H Hamza; Quang Dang; Xiao Lu; Ayesha Mian; Sabee Molloi; Ghassan S Kassab
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology     Volume:  285     ISSN:  0363-6135     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2003 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-07-15     Completed Date:  2003-08-21     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100901228     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  H653-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California-Irvine, 204 Rockwell Engineering Centre, Irvine, CA 92697-2715, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Angiography, Digital Subtraction
Arteries / physiology
Blood Pressure / physiology
Coronary Angiography
Coronary Circulation / physiology*
Heart / physiology*
Models, Cardiovascular
Sus scrofa
Grant Support

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