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Effect of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids to reverse biopsy-proven parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease in adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22035955     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD) complicates the treatment of patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS). Some studies have shown omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFAs) have favorable effects in treating PNALD in children. We, therefore, investigate the effects of ω-3 PUFAs supplemented intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) on PNALD in adults. METHODS: We performed an open-labeled study of a ω-3 PUFAs based ILE in 15 adults with SBS who developed cholestasis while receiving soybean oil-based ILE. Liver biopsies were performed before and after the initiation of ω-3 PUFAs to confirm the presence and improvement of cholestasis. Blood samples were collected every week for analysis of fatty acid composition and liver function. RESULTS: 12 of the 15 patients had their direct bilirubin normalized within 4 weeks and our data demonstrated a significant decrease in both DB (P≤0.001) and TB (P≤0.001) after 4 weeks compared to baseline. There were ameliorations of liver function and fatty acid patterns in all patients and serial liver biopsy specimens showed progressive histologic improvement. CONCLUSIONS: Parenteral ω-3 PUFAs supplemented fat emulsions are safe and effective in the treatment of PNALD in adults.
Ziwei Xu; Yousheng Li; Jian Wang; Bo Wu; Jieshou Li
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-1983     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309603     Medline TA:  Clin Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. All rights reserved.
Department of Surgery, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine, 305 E. Zhongshan Rd., Nanjing, 210002, PR China.
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