Document Detail


Effect of omega-3 fatty acids and simvastatin on hemostatic risk factors and postprandial hyperlipemia in patients with combined hyperlipemia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10634827     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Patients with combined hyperlipemia have lipid abnormalities associated with an increased tendency to develop atherosclerosis and thrombosis. This tendency may be accelerated during postprandial hyperlipemia. In the present double-blind parallel study, 41 patients with combined hyperlipemia and serum triacylglycerols between 2.0 and 15.0 mmol/L and serum total cholesterol >5.3 mmol/L at the end of a 3-month dietary run-in period were treated with simvastatin at 20 mg/d for at least 10 weeks; patients were then randomized into 2 groups receiving simvastatin+omega-3 fatty acids at 3.36 g/d or placebo (corn oil) for an additional 5 weeks. Hemostatic variables that have been associated with increased thrombotic tendency were evaluated with subjects in the fasting state and during postprandial hyperlipemia before and after combined treatment. Supplementation of omega-3 fatty acid reduced tissue factor pathway inhibitor antigen (P<0.05) in the fasting state, reduced the degree of postprandial hyperlipemia (P<0.005), and reduced activated factor VII concentration appearing during postprandial hyperlipemia. In conclusion, omega-3 fatty acids given in addition to simvastatin to patients with combined hyperlipemia reduced the free tissue factor pathway inhibitor fraction in the fasting state and inhibited the activation of factor VII occurring during postprandial lipemia, thus representing a potential beneficial effect on the hemostatic risk profile in this patient group.
Authors:
A Nordoy; K H Bonaa; P M Sandset; J B Hansen; H Nilsen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1079-5642     ISO Abbreviation:  Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol.     Publication Date:  2000 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-01-28     Completed Date:  2000-01-28     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9505803     Medline TA:  Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  259-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, University of Tromso, Tromso, Norway.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Antilipemic Agents / administration & dosage*
Blood Glucose / metabolism
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
Double-Blind Method
Eating / physiology
Factor VIIa / metabolism
Fatty Acids, Omega-3 / administration & dosage*
Female
Hemostasis / drug effects
Humans
Hyperlipidemias / blood,  complications,  drug therapy*
Lipoproteins / blood
Male
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
Simvastatin / administration & dosage*
Thrombosis / blood,  etiology,  prevention & control
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antilipemic Agents; 0/Blood Glucose; 0/Dietary Fats; 0/Fatty Acids, Omega-3; 0/Lipoproteins; 0/lipoprotein-associated coagulation inhibitor; 79902-63-9/Simvastatin; EC 3.4.21.21/Factor VIIa

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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