Document Detail


Effect of norepinephrine on lymph flow and edema formation in the canine forelimb.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7124965     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In the present study we sought evidence for the hypothesis that norepinephrine (NE) can cause constriction of lymph vessels in the canine forelimb perfused at constant flow. Mechanical venous compression (small-vein pressure approximately equal to 45 mmHg), intra-arterial infusion of histamine (16 micrograms base/min), and intra-arterial infusion of NE (16 micrograms base/min) caused the limbs to gain weight at similar rates due to edema formation; the first two maneuvers caused a sustained increase in skin lymph flow, but the increase in lymph flow with NE was only transient. Similar changes were seen during infusion of NE at 1 and 2 micrograms/min, and studies with radioactive microspheres indicated that NE increased capillary blood flow. When venous pressure was elevated and held constant at 45 mmHg. NE (4 micrograms base/min ia) antagonized and phentolamine (400 micrograms/min ia) potentiated the increase in skin lymph flow. Finally, NE (16 micrograms base/min ia) caused a reduction in histamine (16 micrograms base/min)-elevated skin lymph flow, despite the fact that capillary pressure was greatly increased due to active venous constriction. We conclude that intra-arterial infusion of norepinephrine in the dog forelimb perfused at constant flow causes constriction of lymphatic trunk vessels in skin, resulting in increased resistance to the flow of lymph.
Authors:
J T O'Neill; F J Haddy; G J Grega
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  243     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1982 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-12-03     Completed Date:  1982-12-03     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  H575-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Arteries / physiopathology
Blood Pressure
Dogs
Edema / physiopathology*
Female
Forelimb / blood supply
Lymph / drug effects,  physiology*
Male
Norepinephrine / pharmacology*
Regional Blood Flow / drug effects
Skin / blood supply
Veins / physiopathology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-25257/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
51-41-2/Norepinephrine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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