Document Detail


Effect of myocardial ischaemia on left ventricular function and adaptability to exercise training.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10449009     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: We evaluated the possible interaction between exercise-induced myocardial ischemia and abnormalities in left ventricular function in 72 patients with coronary artery disease at entry and upon discharge from a 6-month exercise training program. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with myocardial ischemia (MIS) defined by electrocardiographic and radionuclide imaging criteria constituted our experimental group (EG). Fifty patients without MIS were assigned to the control group for exercise training (CG-ET) and 31 healthy subjects to the control group for measures of left ventricular function (CG-LV). RESULTS: Both groups EG and CG-ET showed significant and comparable increases in peak oxygen uptake (EG: 25.2 +/- 5.1 to 26.9 +/- 5.4 mL x kg(-1) x min(-1), P < 0.02; CG-ET: 25.1 +/- 0.6 to 27.4 +/- 0.7 mL x kg(-1) x min(-1), P < 0.001) after exercise training, but only CG-ET showed significant reductions in heart rate, systolic blood pressure, and rate-pressure product during submaximal exercise. A significant increase in end-diastolic volume contributed to the increase in cardiac output during exercise in patients with MIS. Heart rate or treadmill time at onset of ST segment depression failed to increase as a result of training, and stroke counts and the product of stroke counts and heart rate showed a trend toward a decrease in response to exercise, suggesting progression of disease. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with myocardial ischemia showed improvements in maximal exercise capacity but failed to elicit physiologic adaptations during submaximal exercise or to increase the threshold for ischemia after exercise training. It is possible that the main emphasis in the management of this type of patient in a cardiac rehabilitation setting should be placed more on coronary risk factor modification to slow progression of disease than on improving cardiovascular efficiency.
Authors:
A G Digenio; T D Noakes; H Joughin; L Daly
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  1999 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-09-16     Completed Date:  1999-09-16     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1094-101     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Johannesburg Cardiac Rehabilitation Center, South Africa. andres.digenio@mcmail.vanderbilt.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Physiological*
Coronary Disease / physiopathology*,  rehabilitation*
Disease Progression
Exercise Therapy*
Heart Rate
Humans
Middle Aged
Oxygen Consumption
Risk Factors
Stroke Volume
Treatment Outcome
Ventricular Function, Left*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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