Document Detail

Effect of modernization on Kuwaiti women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7112174     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This research explores the effects of rapid modernization on women who, on one hand, have new educational and occupational opportunities and, on the other hand, still confront conservative societal restrictions based on Middle Eastern norms and values. The setting is the Sheikdom of Kuwait, symbolizing a traditional society that has been recently catapulted into the 20th century through its rapid increase in wealth. Such sudden wealth, with ensuing modernization, is expected to have more profound effects on women because of their paradoxical world with its conflicting norms and values. This study explores the relationship between a number of modernization variables--levels of education and occupation--on potential stress. Indicators for stress used are based on Inkeles' cross-cultural studies and psychosomatic complaints. In addition, the study considered levels of powerlessness, happiness and decision making in the family. Spearman correlations and Kendall's Tau were used to determine relationships. Results indicate that women who have obtained more education tend to participate significantly more in decision making in the family (P less than 0.0001), be happier (P less than 0.000), manifest fewer psychosomatic complaints (P less than 0.05), and be older in age. The younger generation, with less education, appears to manifest more somatic complaints. The manuscript discusses results in relation to Inkeles' previous cross-cultural research on men and implication of findings on changing roles of women in Kuwait.
A I Meleis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social science & medicine (1982)     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0277-9536     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Sci Med     Publication Date:  1982  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-10-29     Completed Date:  1982-10-29     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303205     Medline TA:  Soc Sci Med     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  965-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cultural Characteristics*
Psychophysiologic Disorders / etiology
Social Change*
Socioeconomic Factors
Stress, Psychological*
Women / psychology*

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