Document Detail


Effect of moderate wintertime undernutrition on fatty acid composition of adipose tissues of reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus L.).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12020656     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We studied the effect of moderate undernutrition on the fatty acid composition of adipose tissues in reindeer calves (<1 year) between early winter and late spring. Calves studied in early winter (December) had grazed on natural pastures and were in good condition, while the calves in spring (April) had been maintained on a negative energy balance since December, had lost approximately 16% of body weight and were in a moderate undernutritional state. The fatty acid composition of total lipids in adipose tissues (perirenal-abdominal, peristernal, scapular, intralumbar, and caudal locations) had a high proportion of oleic acid (35-47%) in both seasons. The proportion of oleic acid was significantly lower (29%), and that of palmitic acid (31%) was higher in the adipose tissue of cardiac groove as compared to other locations. There were only small differences in the fatty acid composition of adipose tissues between early winter and spring. However, the proportions of the principal C18-polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), linoleic and alpha-linolenic acid, were significantly lower in all adipose tissues in calves in poor than in good condition. The observations suggest that linoleic and alpha-linolenic acids may be selectively mobilized from adipose tissues of undernourished reindeer during winter.
Authors:
Päivi Soppela; Mauri Nieminen
Related Documents :
10913046 - Meal fatty acid uptake in human adipose tissue: technical and experimental design issues.
964256 - Hamster brown-adipose-tissue mitochondria. the role of fatty acids in the control of th...
8244716 - Tritium radiobiological effects in mammals: review of experiments of the last decade in...
19474526 - Adiponectin is associated with serum and adipose tissue fatty acid composition in rats.
11676826 - Evidence for sodium-coupled acid-base transport across the basolateral membrane of the ...
6088546 - Substrate specificities of active transport systems for amino acids in vacuolar-membran...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology     Volume:  132     ISSN:  1095-6433     ISO Abbreviation:  Comp. Biochem. Physiol., Part A Mol. Integr. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2002 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-05-21     Completed Date:  2003-02-11     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9806096     Medline TA:  Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  403-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, P.O. Box 122, 96101 Rovaniemi, Finland. paivi.soppela@urova.fi
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adipose Tissue / chemistry*
Animals
Fatty Acids / analysis*,  classification
Female
Male
Nutrition Disorders / metabolism*
Reindeer / metabolism*
Seasons*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Daily rhythm in serum melatonin and leptin levels in the Syrian hamster (Mesocricetus auratus).
Next Document:  Monoamines in the albumen gland, plasma, and central nervous system of the snail Biomphalaria glabra...