Document Detail

Effect of moderate hypothermia in the treatment of canine hemorrhagic shock.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3355270     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study evaluated a possible protective and therapeutic effect of moderate hypothermia in the treatment of severe hemorrhagic shock. A modified Wiggers shock preparation was used. Normothermic dogs (Group I, N = 6) were maintained at normal body temperature throughout hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation. In Group II, hypothermia was initiated after 15 minutes of hemorrhagic shock (N = 12) and maintained for 60 minutes after fluid resuscitation. Animals were then rewarmed with Group IIA (N = 7) receiving sodium bicarbonate to correct acidosis, while Group IIB (N = 5) did not; all dogs were studied for an additional 120 minutes. During shock heart rate was lower in both hypothermic groups (IIA and IIB) compared to normothermic dogs (85.0 +/- 3.9, 77.7 +/- 4.6 vs. 136.7 +/- 4.2, respectively, p less than 0.05), while +dP/dt (mmHg/s) remained stable in all dogs. Furthermore, pH was lower in the hypothermic (Groups IIA and IIB) compared to normothermic animals at this time period (Group IIA: 7.19 +/- 0.02, Group IIB: 7.13 +/- 0.02 vs. Group I: 7.24 +/- 0.02). Arterial pCO2 was higher in the hypothermic hemorrhagic shock Groups IIA and IIB compared to normothermic group (34.5 +/- 2.2, 37.4 +/- 2.2 vs. 20.3 +/- 20,3 +/- 2.0, p less than 0.05) due to hypothermia-depressed respiration. A higher myocardial O2 consumption and a negative myocardial lactate balance occurred in the normothermic animals during hemorrhagic shock. After resuscitation and rewarming, stroke volume (mL/beat) and cardiac output (L/min) were lower in hypothermic animals with persistent acid-base derangements (12.6 +/- 2.5, 1.3 +/- 3.0, respectively) compared to hypothermic dogs with acid-base correction (20.1 +/- 3.3, 2.2 +/- 0.3) and normothermic dogs (24.6 +/- 3.0, 3.0 +/- 0.3, p less than 0.05), while myocardial O2 extraction and myocardial lactate production were higher. Results suggest hypothermia decreases the metabolic needs and maintains myocardial contractile function in hemorrhagic shock. Hypothermia may have a beneficial effect and, with normalization of acid-base balance, a therapeutic role in hemorrhagic shock.
D M Meyer; J W Horton
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of surgery     Volume:  207     ISSN:  0003-4932     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Surg.     Publication Date:  1988 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-05-06     Completed Date:  1988-05-06     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372354     Medline TA:  Ann Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  462-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center, Dallas 75235-9031.
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MeSH Terms
Acid-Base Equilibrium
Coronary Circulation
Hypothermia, Induced*
Myocardial Contraction
Myocardium / metabolism
Oxygen Consumption
Shock, Hemorrhagic / physiopathology,  therapy*

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