Document Detail

Effect of the method of preparing monochloramine upon inactivation of MS2 coliphage, Escherichia coli, and Klebsiella pneumoniae.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1581862     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Monochloramine prepared in situ by first adding chlorine to a suspension of microorganisms, followed by subsequent addition of ammonia, inactivated the MS2 coliphage more rapidly than did exposure of phage to monochloramine prepared either by adding chlorine to ammonia or by adding chlorine and ammonia simultaneously. The rapid viral inactivation was apparently due to the exposure of MS2 to free chlorine before the addition of ammonia. The average 99% CT value of MS2 when exposed to free chlorine was 1.3 and 1.1 at 5 and 15 degrees C, respectively. The average 99% CT values of MS2 briefly exposed to the combined action of free chlorine followed by the addition of ammonia to form monochloramine in situ were 19.3 and 1.5 at 5 and 15 degrees C, respectively. No 99% CT values were calculated for the inactivation of MS2 with preformed monochloramine because less than 1 log (90%) of inactivation occurred during a 4-h contact time. Inactivation of MS2 by monochloramine was more rapid at 15 than at 5 degrees C and when the chlorine to nitrogen weight ratio was 5:1 compared with 3:1. Monochloramine was a more efficient inactivating agent for the coliforms Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae than it was for the MS2 coliphage.
D Berman; R Sullivan; C J Hurst
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of microbiology     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0008-4166     ISO Abbreviation:  Can. J. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  1992 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-06-18     Completed Date:  1992-06-18     Revised Date:  2000-12-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372707     Medline TA:  Can J Microbiol     Country:  CANADA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  28-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Microbiological Treatment Branch, Drinking Water Research Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, OH 45268.
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MeSH Terms
Chloramines / isolation & purification,  pharmacology*
Coliphages / drug effects*
Disinfectants / isolation & purification,  pharmacology
Drug Resistance, Microbial
Escherichia coli / drug effects*
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Klebsiella pneumoniae / drug effects*
United States
United States Environmental Protection Agency
Water Microbiology
Water Supply / standards
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Chloramines; 0/Disinfectants; 10599-90-3/chloramine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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