Document Detail

Effect of menstrual cycle phase on exercise performance of high-altitude native women at 3600 m.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11821489     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
At sea level normally menstruating women show increased ventilation (VE) and hemodynamic changes due to increased progesterone (P) and estrogen (E2) levels during the mid-luteal (L) compared to the mid-follicular (F) phase of the ovarian cycle. Such changes may affect maximal exercise performance. This repeated-measures, randomized study, conducted at 3600 m, tests the hypothesis that a P-mediated increase in VE increases maximal oxygen consumption (V(O(2)max)) during the L phase relative to the F phase in Bolivian women, either born and raised at high altitude (HA), or resident at HA since early childhood. Subjects (N=30) enrolled in the study were aged 27.7 +/- 0.7 years (mean +/- S.E.M.) and non-pregnant, non-lactating, relatively sedentary residents of La Paz, Bolivia, who were not using hormonal contraceptives. Mean salivary P levels at the time of the exercise tests were 63.3 pg ml(-1) and 22.9 pg ml(-1) for the L and F phases, respectively. Subset analyses of submaximal (N=23) and maximal (N=13) exercise responses were conducted only with women showing increased P levels from F to L and, in the latter case, with those also achieving true (V(O(2)max)). Submaximal exercise VE and ventilatory equivalents were higher in the L phase (P<0.001). P levels were significantly correlated to the submaximal exercise VE (r=0.487, P=0.006). Maximal work output (W) was higher (approximately 5 %) during the L phase (P=0.044), but (V(O(2)max)) (l min(-1)) was unchanged (P=0.063). Post-hoc analyses revealed no significant relationship between changes in P levels and changes in (V(O(2)max))) from F to L (P=0.072). In sum, the menstrual cycle phase has relatively modest effects on ventilation, but no effect on (V(O(2)max)) of HA native women.
Tom D Brutsaert; Hilde Spielvogel; Esperanza Caceres; Mauricio Araoz; Robert T Chatterton; Virginia J Vitzthum
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of experimental biology     Volume:  205     ISSN:  0022-0949     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Exp. Biol.     Publication Date:  2002 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-01-31     Completed Date:  2002-04-29     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0243705     Medline TA:  J Exp Biol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  233-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Anthropology, The University at Albany, State University of New York, 12222, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Exercise / physiology*
Follicular Phase
Luteal Phase
Menstrual Cycle*
Oxygen Consumption
Progesterone / analysis
Pulmonary Ventilation
Saliva / chemistry
Reg. No./Substance:

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