Document Detail


Effect of maternal nutrient restriction in early to mid gestation and thyrotrophin-releasing hormone on lamb survival following Caesarean section delivery near to term.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10926164     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We investigated the influence of restricted maternal nutrition between 28 and 77 days gestation on survival and thermoregulatory adaptation following Caesarean section delivery near to term. This study was designed to examine the hypothesis that adaptation after birth would be compromised in those lambs born to nutrient restricted ewes. We further hypothesised that this would be due in part to inadequate hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroidal function. Lambs born to nutrient restricted ewes were untreated (RU) or treated with thyrotrophin-releasing hormone (TRH; RT) immediately prior to umbilical cord clamping. Single bearing ewes consumed either 6.60 MJ x day(-1) (controls, n = 4) or 3.00 MJ x day(-1) (nutrient restricted, n = 15) from 28-77 days gestation, after which all ewes consumed 7.20 MJ x day(-1). All lambs born to control ewes commenced continuous breathing and began to shiver following Caesarean section delivery and survived to 6 h after birth. Only 4 out of 9 RU lambs established continuous breathing and survived to 6 h after birth compared with all RT lambs. Six hours after birth, RT lambs possessed perirenal brown adipose tissue with a higher thermogenic activity than 6 h old RU or control lambs. Lamb birth weight was similar in all groups. In conclusion, near-term lambs born to ewes nutrient restricted in early to mid gestation are at increased risk of death following Caesarean section delivery. Survival after birth can be significantly enhanced if TRH is administered to the lambs immediately before delivery.
Authors:
L Heasman; L Clarke; T Stephenson; M E Symonds
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology     Volume:  78     ISSN:  0008-4212     ISO Abbreviation:  Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  2000 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-11-28     Completed Date:  2000-11-28     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372712     Medline TA:  Can J Physiol Pharmacol     Country:  CANADA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  571-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Academic Division of Child Health, School of Human Development, University Hospital, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Physiological
Animals
Body Temperature Regulation
Cesarean Section
Embryonic and Fetal Development*
Female
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Organ Size
Oxygen Consumption
Placenta / anatomy & histology
Pregnancy
Sheep
Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone / pharmacology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
24305-27-9/Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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