Document Detail

Effect of lower limb compression clothing on 400 m sprint performance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22592172     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
ABSTRACT:: The current study investigated the effects of wearing a variety of lower limb compression garments on 400m sprint performance. Eleven male 400m runners (23.7 ± 5.7 y, 1.78 ± 0.08 m, 75.3 ± 10.0 kg) completed six, 400m running tests on an outdoor, all-weather running track on separate occasions. Participants completed two runs either with long-length lower-limb compression garments (LG; hip-to-ankle), a combination of short-length lower-limb compression garments (SG; hip-to-knee) with calf compression sleeves (CS; ankle-to-knee), or without compression garments (CON; shorts), in a randomised, counterbalanced order. Overall lap time and 100m split times, heart rate and ratings of perceived exertion were measured during the 400m run. Blood lactate concentration, visual analogue scales for perceived soreness, feeling and arousal, as well as scales for perceived comfort and tightness when wearing compression garments, were assessed before (pre-exercise, post warm-up) and after 400 m performance (post, 4-min post exercise, following a warm-down). Statistical analysis revealed no differences between conditions in overall 400m performance, 100m split times or blood lactate concentration (P > .05), although there was a trend for an increased rate of blood lactate clearance when wearing compression garments. A significantly lower RPE (P > .05), was however observed during LG (13.8 ± 0.9) and SG (13.4 ± 1.1) when compared to CON (14.0 ± 1.0). The present study has demonstrated that lower-limb compression garments may lower the effort perception associated with 400 m performance, despite no differences in overall athletic performance.
James A Faulkner; David Gleadon; Jason McLaren; John R Jakeman
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1533-4287     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
1School of Sport and Exercise, Massey University, New Zealand 2iSPORT Biomechanics, Sydney, Australia, Skins Compression Garments, Sydney, Australia 3Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Oxford Brookes University.
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