Document Detail


Effect of low flow and high flow oxygen delivery on exercise tolerance and sensation of dyspnea. A study comparing the transtracheal catheter and nasal prongs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8162725     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that high flow transtracheal oxygen (HFTTO) will improve exercise tolerance as compared with low flow transtracheal oxygen (LFTTO) and that transtracheal oxygen (TTO) will increase exercise tolerance with less dyspnea as compared with nasal prongs (NP) at equivalent oxygen saturation (SaO2). PATIENT SELECTION: Ten subjects, six male and four female, who were already receiving TTO were recruited for the study. STUDY DESIGN: Each subject underwent a total of four modified progressive treadmill tests in a single-blind randomized fashion on two separate days. Two tests were performed with the patients receiving LFTTO and HFTTO while the other two were performed with low- and high-flow oxygen by NP. The flows were adjusted to provide equivalent oxygen saturations at rest for respective groups. RESULTS: The mean +/- SD exercise distance with HFTTO (1,134 +/- 631 ft) was 2.5 times greater than with LFTTO (446 +/- 328 ft; p < 0.006); and high-flow NP (HFNP [1207 +/- 763 ft]) was 2.38 times greater than with low-flow NP (LFNP[492 +/- 487 ft; p < 0.005]). There was no significant difference in exercise distance and dyspnea scores with HFTTO as compared with HFNP and LFTTO versus LFNP. CONCLUSION: We conclude that the use of high-flow oxygen via both transtracheal catheter and NP significantly increased exercise tolerance in our COPD patients when compared to low-flow oxygen. Transtracheal oxygen did not increase maximum exercise tolerance with less dyspnea as compared with oxygen via NP at equivalent SaO2.
Authors:
N A Dewan; C W Bell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chest     Volume:  105     ISSN:  0012-3692     ISO Abbreviation:  Chest     Publication Date:  1994 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-05-23     Completed Date:  1994-05-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0231335     Medline TA:  Chest     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1061-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Creighton University, Omaha, Neb.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Dyspnea / physiopathology,  therapy*
Exercise Tolerance*
Female
Forced Expiratory Volume
Heart Rate
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Oxygen Inhalation Therapy / instrumentation,  methods*
Sensation
Single-Blind Method
Vital Capacity

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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