Document Detail


Effect of loading rate and intermittent aeration cycle on nitrogen removal in membrane separation activated sludge process.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12420974     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The performance of the submerged membrane separation activated sludge process with intermittent aeration was investigated in a laboratory scale experiment by changing organic loading rate and intermittent aeration cycle. A rectangular PVC tank was used as an aeration tank, in which a flat-sheet type Micro-Filtration membrane made of poly-olefin with a pore size of 0.2 microm was submerged. Organic loading rate to the reactor was set at 0.3 and 0.8 g-TOC/L/day. C/N ratio in the feed was set at around 5.0 for every condition. Aeration cycle was changed from 10 min-10 min (aeration-stop) to 120 min-120 min in different organic loading conditions. Flux through the membrane was set at 0.25 m/day. Membrane fouling proceeded rapidly in 0.8 g-TOC/L/day conditions. However, when organic loading rate was 0.3 g-TOC/L/day, bacterial metabolic substances were degraded rapidly compared to the production, thereby decreasing viscosity in mixed liquor. Nitrogen removal rate was between 60% and 80% for 0.8 g-TOC/L/day loading, and between 50% and 65% for 0.3 g-TOC/L/day loading. And the nitrogen removal was highest in 40 min to 60 min aeration cycle conditions. Too short aeration cycle did not result in sufficiently long anoxic periods for denitrification while too long a cycle resulted in unnecessary anaerobic periods after depletion of nitrate. Intermittent aeration was effective also for decreasing viscosity in mixed liquor.
Authors:
H Nagaoka; C Kudo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0273-1223     ISO Abbreviation:  Water Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2002  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-11-07     Completed Date:  2003-02-21     Revised Date:  2006-04-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9879497     Medline TA:  Water Sci Technol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  119-26     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Civil Engineering, Musashi Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bioreactors
Membranes, Artificial
Nitrogen / isolation & purification*
Oxygen
Sewage / chemistry,  microbiology
Temperature
Waste Disposal, Fluid / methods*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Membranes, Artificial; 0/Sewage; 7727-37-9/Nitrogen; 7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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