Document Detail


Effect of ischemia-reperfusion on xanthine oxidase activity in fetal rat brain capillaries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10486491     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether ischemia and subsequent reperfusion would affect xanthine oxidase activity in fetal rat brain capillaries. STUDY DESIGN: We used rats on day 19 of pregnancy. Fetal ischemia was induced by bilateral occlusion of the utero-ovarian artery for 20 minutes. Reperfusion was achieved by releasing the occlusion to restore the circulation for 30 minutes. Control rats underwent a sham operation. Fetal brain capillaries were isolated for measurement of concentrations of hypoxanthine, xanthine, and uric acid, as well as of concentrations of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances. The brain capillaries were incubated with hypoxanthine for 1-5 hours at 25 degrees C. The activity of xanthine oxidase was estimated by measuring the amount of xanthine converted from hypoxanthine. RESULTS: Occlusion for 20 minutes markedly increased the concentration of hypoxanthine but had no effect on levels of xanthine, uric acid, and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances. However, subsequent reperfusion led to significant increases in the levels of xanthine, uric acid, and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances. Xanthine oxidase activity, as measured by the amount of xanthine produced, was significantly greater in the animals subjected to both ischemia and ischemia-reperfusion compared with the control group. CONCLUSION: Ischemic insult led to the accumulation of hypoxanthine and stimulated xanthine oxidase activity in fetal brain capillaries. Subsequent reperfusion enhanced the degradation of hypoxanthine to uric acid, which may induce cerebral lipid peroxidation.
Authors:
A Wakatsuki; Y Okatani; C Izumiya; N Ikenoue
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  181     ISSN:  0002-9378     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.     Publication Date:  1999 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-10-07     Completed Date:  1999-10-07     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  731-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kochi Medical School, Japan.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Arteries
Brain / blood supply,  embryology*
Capillaries / enzymology*
Constriction
Female
Fetus / blood supply*
Hypoxanthine / metabolism
Ischemia / enzymology*
Ovary / blood supply
Pregnancy
Rats
Rats, Wistar
Reperfusion*
Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances / metabolism
Uric Acid / metabolism
Uterus / blood supply
Xanthine / metabolism
Xanthine Oxidase / metabolism*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances; 68-94-0/Hypoxanthine; 69-89-6/Xanthine; 69-93-2/Uric Acid; EC 1.17.3.2/Xanthine Oxidase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Induction of antenatal periventricular leukomalacia by hemorrhagic hypotension in the chronically in...
Next Document:  Nicotine patch use in pregnant smokers: nicotine and cotinine levels and fetal effects.