Document Detail

Effect of inpatient rehabilitation on quality of life and exercise capacity in long-term lung transplant survivors: A prospective, randomized study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21489819     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of an inpatient rehabilitation program on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and exercise capacity (EC) in long-term (>1 year after lung transplantation) survivors (LTSs) in comparison to a control group (CG). METHODS: Sixty LTSs, 4.5 ± 3.2 years after lung transplantation (LTx), were randomly assigned to two equally sized groups that were stratified for gender and underlying disease. Thirty LTSs (age 49 ± 13 years, 13 male and 17 females, 19 double LTxs, 7 BOS Stage ≥1) attended an inpatient rehabilitation program (intervention group, IG) for 23 ± 5 days. The CG (age 50 ± 12 years, 13 males and 17 females, 20 double LTxs, 2 BOS Stage ≥1) received medical standard therapy (physiotherapy). Patients were evaluated by cardiopulmonary exercise testing, 6-minute walk test (6MWT), SF-36, SGRQ and the Quality of Life Profile for Chronic Diseases questionnaire before and after (18 ± 3 days) the program. RESULTS: The groups were statistically indistinguishable in terms of clinical data. Each treatment group significantly improved their sub-maximal EC (6MWT: IG, 493 ± 90 m vs 538 ± 90 m, p < 0.001; CG, 490 ± 88 m vs 514 ± 89 m, p < 0.001) and maximal EC (VO(2peak): IG, 17.0 vs 18.5 ml/min/kg, p = 0.039; CG, 18.0 vs 19.5 ml/min/kg, p = 0.005), without reaching statistical significance between the groups. In both study groups, patients HRQOL tended to improve. Significant correlations were found between EC parameters and HRQOL scales. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that structured physical training may improve exercise tolerance in LTS. Our study results did not demonstrate a significant benefit of an inpatient over an outpatient exercise program.
Franziska Ihle; Claus Neurohr; Patrick Huppmann; Gregor Zimmermann; Hanno Leuchte; Rainier Baumgartner; Klaus Kenn; Bernd Sczepanski; Rudolf Hatz; Stephan Czerner; Lorenz Frey; Peter Ueberfuhr; Iris Bittmann; Jürgen Behr;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of heart and lung transplantation : the official publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1557-3117     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9102703     Medline TA:  J Heart Lung Transplant     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Division of Pulmonary Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine I, Klinikum Grosshadern, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany.
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