Document Detail


Effect of indomethacin and N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester on the pressure/flow relation in isolated perfused hindlimbs from pregnant and nonpregnant rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9360226     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To compare the pressure/flow relationship and to assess the roles of prostaglandins and nitric oxide in flow-induced vasodilation in the nonpregnant and late-pregnant rat hindlimb vasculature. METHODS: Pressure/flow and conductance/flow relationships were determined in isolated, Krebs buffer-perfused, norepinephrine (0.5 mumol/L) preconstricted hindlimbs from nonpregnant and late-pregnant Wistar-Kyoto rats before and after inhibition of cyclo-oxygenase with indomethacin (20 mumol/L), or nitric oxide synthase with N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (300 mumol/L). RESULTS: There were no significant differences in baseline perfusion pressure between nonpregnant and pregnant rat hindlimbs perfused at 2 mL/min (20.6 +/- 0.8 and 19.7 +/- 1.1 mmHg, respectively) and norepinephrine increased perfusion pressure about twofold (40.8 +/- 2.0 and 34.8 +/- 1.8 mmHg, respectively). After constriction, perfusion pressure increased linearly as flow was increased in a stepwise manner to a maximum of 4 mL/min. The slope of the pressure/flow regression line for the pregnant rat hindlimbs (6.00) was significantly lower (P < or = .001) than that for the nonpregnant rat hindlimbs (8.44). Vascular conductance also increased as flow was increased, and was significantly greater at all flow rates in the pregnant compared to the nonpregnant rat hindlimbs. Indomethacin slightly decreased the constrictor response to norepinephrine and increased the pressure/flow regression line slope in nonpregnant, but not in pregnant rat hindlimbs. N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester abolished flow-mediated vasodilation in nonpregnant and pregnant rat hindlimbs, and there was no longer any significant difference between the pressure/flow regression line slopes. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that flow-induced vasodilation, mediated by endothelium-derived nitric oxide, is enhanced during pregnancy allowing the maternal vasculature to accommodate increased blood flow without increased blood pressure.
Authors:
R A Ahokas; S A Friedman; B M Sibai
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Society for Gynecologic Investigation     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1071-5576     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Soc. Gynecol. Investig.     Publication Date:    1997 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-02-05     Completed Date:  1998-02-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9433806     Medline TA:  J Soc Gynecol Investig     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  229-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tennessee, Memphis 38163, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors / pharmacology*
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology*
Female
Hindlimb / blood supply*,  drug effects
Indomethacin / pharmacology*
NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester / pharmacology*
Perfusion
Pregnancy
Rats
Rats, Inbred WKY
Vascular Resistance / drug effects*,  physiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors; 0/Enzyme Inhibitors; 50903-99-6/NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester; 53-86-1/Indomethacin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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